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Table 5 Factors associated with health-related quality of life of respondents

From: Health status and health service utilization in remote and mountainous areas in Vietnam

  EQ–5D-5 L Index VAS score
  Coef p value 95 % CI Coef p value 95 % CI
Age groups (1–5) −0.061 <0.01 −0.081 −0.041     
Sex: female vs. male      11.41 0.16 −4.46 27.28
Ethnics         
 Kinh (ref)         
 Muong 0.11 <0.01 0.049 0.17     
 Others 0.059 0.12 −0.015 0.133     
Annual income per head        
 Lowest (ref)         
 Low      15.53 0.13 −4.41 35.46
 Middle         
 High 0.091 0.01 0.02 0.162     
 Highest 0.102 0.01 0.027 0.177     
% Spending on health care        
 Lowest (ref)         
 Low 0.065 0.06 −0.002 0.131     
 Moderate      −26.86 0.01 −6.84 −46.88
Difficulty in accessing health services       
 Yes vs. No      −16.54 0.05 −32.84 −0.23
Distance to health station        
 <1 km (ref)         
 1–2 km −0.052 0.06 −0.106 0.002 −12.4 0.13 −28.47 3.66
Health problems         
 None (ref)         
 Single −0.065 0.19 −0.163 0.032     
 Multiple −0.102 0.03 −0.196 −0.009     
 Const 0.972 <0.01 0.863 1.082 72.36 <0.01 58.07 86.65
  1. (Full model included age, sex, religion, educational attainment, annual income per head, health problems, health care spending, and distance to health stations, difficulty in accessing health services, and difficulty in accessing traditional medical care services)