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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of respondents

From: Health status and health service utilization in remote and mountainous areas in Vietnam

  Male Female Total p
  Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
Age 44.67 12.51 45.03 14.71 44.90 13.88 0.43
 Age groups (1–5) N % N % N %  
  20–30 11 14.47 25 20.16 36 18 0.49
  31–40 17 22.37 22 17.74 39 19.5
  41–50 25 32.89 38 30.65 63 31.5
  41–60 16 21.05 20 16.13 36 18
  >60 7 9.21 19 15.32 26 13
Ethnic N % N % N %  
 Kinh 24 31.58 48 38.71 72 36 0.31
 Others 52 66.42 76 61.29 128 64
Education N % N % N %  
 Primary school 32 41.51 42 33.87 74 37 0.03
 Secondary school 27 35.53 46 37.1 73 36.6
 Above secondary school 11 14.47 9 7.26 20 10
 Others 6 7.89 27 21.77 33 16.5
Number of family members N % N % N %  
 1 to 2 7 9.21 23 18.55 30 15 0.18
 3 to 4 37 48.68 51 41.13 88 44
 Above 5 32 42.11 50 40.32 82 41
Annual income (Vietnamese dong/USD) N % N % N %  
 <20 million/1000 29 38.16 63 50.81 92 46 0.08
 20–60 million/1000–3000 40 52.63 57 45.97 97 48.5
 >60 millions/3000 7 9.21 4 3.23 11 5.5
Health expenditure (% of total income)        
 <5 % 31 40.79 43 34.68 74 37 0.08
 5–10 % 16 21.05 22 17.74 38 19
 10–20 % 20 26.32 24 19.35 44 22
 20–30 % 6 7.89 16 12.9 22 11
 >30 % 3 3.95 19 15.32 22 11