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Table 3 Hierarchical linear regression analysis results, with QOL as the dependent variable

From: Effects of social support, hope and resilience on quality of life among Chinese bladder cancer patients: a cross-sectional study

Variables Step 1 Step 2
β P β P
Control variables
 Age −0.074 0.153 −0.026 0.552
 Edu1 0.059 0.273 0.05 0.262
 Edu2 0.182 0.001 0.065 0.150
 Physical activity 0.122 0.019 0.034 0.430
Influence factors
 Social support    0.285 0.000
 Hope    0.243 0.000
 Resilience    0.164 0.010
F 5.098** 28.234**
R2 0.054 0.356
Adjusted R2 0.043 0.344
R2 0.054 0.303
  1. *p <0.05, **p <0.01
  2. Edu1 means “Primary/Middle school” vs. “High or secondary school”, Edu2 means “Junior College and over” vs. “High or secondary school”; R2 = R2-change