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Table 1 Descriptive statistics for QOL and its components. (N = 365)

From: Effects of social support, hope and resilience on quality of life among Chinese bladder cancer patients: a cross-sectional study

Variable N (%) FACT-G FACT-BL PWB SWB EWB FWB BSS
Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD
Gender
 Male 293 (80.27) 68.13 ± 16.46 87.93 ± 16.62 19.33 ± 5.42 17.47 ± 6.84 15.33 ± 4.65 15.99 ± 6.12 19.80 ± 7.37
 Female 72 (19.73) 67.96 ± 15.76 86.26 ± 14.82 18.64 ± 6.07 18.10 ± 6.83 15.70 ± 4.39 15.52 ± 6.07 18.30 ± 6.85
Age
 18–55 74 (20.27) 68.30 ± 16.13* 88.22 ± 18.13 19.74 ± 5.55 17.21 ± 7.48 15.09 ± 4.88 16.26 ± 7.04 19.92 ± 8.27
 56–65 125 (34.25) 69.35 ± 16.46* 88.00 ± 15.78 19.71 ± 5.31 17.62 ± 6.65 15.99 ± 4.27 16.03 ± 6.02 18.65 ± 6.66
 66–75 115 (31.51) 69.36 ± 15.77* 88.92 ± 15.36* 19.04 ± 5.42 18.52 ± 6.70 15.54 ± 4.58 16.25 ± 5.17 19.56 ± 7.34
 >75 51 (13.97) 61.85 ± 16.43* 82.73 ± 16.25* 17.53 ± 6.23 15.98 ± 6.45 14.09 ± 4.80 14.26 ± 6.73 20.88 ± 7.03
Education level
 Primary/Middle school 210 (57.53) 66.00 ± 15.55* 85.47 ± 15.92** 19.12 ± 5.42 16.87 ± 6.91* 14.97 ± 4.40* 15.03 ± 5.99* 19.48 ± 7.39
 High or secondary school 85 (23.29) 68.71 ± 14.95 88.05 ± 14.45** 19.59 ± 4.93 17.53 ± 6.42* 15.49 ± 4.29 16.10 ± 5.41* 19.34 ± 6.71
 Junior College and over 70 (19.18) 73.63 ± 18.81* 93.43 ± 18.09** 18.96 ± 6.63 19.83 ± 6.71* 16.59 ± 5.33* 18.25 ± 6.67* 19.80 ± 7.71
Marital status
 Single/Divorced/Separated/Widow 35 (9.59) 68.16 ± 14.46 88.46 ± 15.46 19.25 ± 5.24 17.65 ± 6.17 15.97 ± 4.80 15.29 ± 5.83 20.30 ± 7.71
 Married/Cohabitation 330 (90.41) 68.09 ± 16.51 87.51 ± 16.38 19.19 ± 5.60 17.58 ± 6.91 15.34 ± 4.58 15.96 ± 6.14 19.42 ± 7.25
Chronic diseases
 No 194 (53.15) 68.20 ± 16.23 87.06 ± 16.59 20.09 ± 4.93** 16.97 ± 7.22 15.83 ± 4.34 15.31 ± 6.32 18.86 ± 6.94
 Yes 171 (46.85) 67.97 ± 16.44 88.21 ± 15.94 18.19 ± 6.05** 18.30 ± 6.32 14.92 ± 4.84 16.56 ± 5.80 20.24 ± 7.61
Smok
 No 161 (44.11) 67.88 ± 16.21 87.16 ± 16.09 19.30 ± 5.55 17.22 ± 7.12 15.60 ± 4.36 15.78 ± 5.89 19.28 ± 7.06
 Yes 204 (55.89) 68.26 ± 16.42 87.95 ± 16.45 19.12 ± 5.57 17.89 ± 6.60 15.25 ± 4.78 15.99 ± 6.29 19.69 ± 7.47
Drink
 No 221 (60.54) 67.58 ± 16.10 86.81 ± 16.05 19.29 ± 5.50 17.28 ± 6.97 15.33 ± 4.77 15.67 ± 6.12 19.23 ± 7.51
 Yes 144 (39.45) 68.88 ± 16.65 88.81 ± 16.60 19.06 ± 5.65 18.08 ± 6.61 15.51 ± 4.32 16.24 ± 6.10 19.93 ± 6.93
Physical activity
 No 199 (54.52) 66.31 ± 15.93* 85.65 ± 16.04* 18.72 ± 5.62 16.83 ± 6.56* 15.08 ± 4.62 15.67 ± 5.74 19.34 ± 7.07
 Yes 166 (45.48) 70.23 ± 16.54* 89.94 ± 16.30* 19.78 ± 5.43 18.50 ± 7.06* 15.78 ± 4.55 16.18 ± 6.53 19.70 ± 7.56
Familial inheritance
 No 304 (83.29) 68.14 ± 16.67 87.46 ± 16.36 19.35 ± 5.61 17.41 ± 6.82 15.46 ± 4.55 15.92 ± 6.19 19.32 ± 7.25
 Yes 61 (16.71) 67.87 ± 14.51 88.30 ± 15.98 18.46 ± 5.25 18.50 ± 6.90 15.13 ± 4.87 15.78 ± 5.72 20.43 ± 7.47
Time since first cancer diagnosis
 ≤1 month 300 (82.2) 67.79 ± 16.52 87.28 ± 16.32 19.36 ± 5.37 17.28 ± 6.79 15.47 ± 4.53 15.68 ± 6.11 19.49 ± 6.95
 >1 month 65 (17.8) 69.49 ± 15.34 89.06 ± 16.09 18.45 ± 6.32 19.05 ± 6.92 15.09 ± 4.89 16.90 ± 6.03 19.57 ± 8.73
Perfusion chemotherapy
 No 157 (43) 67.97 ± 15.96 87.99 ± 16.27 18.98 ± 5.54 17.77 ± 7.12 15.52 ± 4.33 15.70 ± 6.02 20.02 ± 6.82
 Yes 208 (57) 68.19 ± 16.61 87.30 ± 16.31 19.36 ± 5.57 17.46 ± 6.63 15.31 ± 4.79 16.04 ± 6.18 19.12 ± 7.61
Cancer stages
 I 233 (63.8) 68.57 ± 16.62 88.08 ± 16.42 19.53 ± 5.57 17.62 ± 6.75 15.31 ± 4.61 16.10 ± 6.06 19.51 ± 7.28
 II+III 127 (36.8) 67.24 ± 15.76 86.73 ± 16.03 18.59 ± 5.49 17.54 ± 7.01 15.58 ± 4.57 15.53 ± 6.20 19.49 ± 7.33
Histopathological grading
 G1 235 (64.4) 68.44 ± 46.56 87.81 ± 16.67 19.65 ± 5.30* 17.58 ± 6.76 15.31 ± 4.64 15.89 ± 6.18 19.37 ± 7.06
 G2+G3 130 (35.6) 67.49 ± 15.89 87.23 ± 15.62 18.40 ± 5.91* 17.61 ± 7.00 15.56 ± 4.53 15.92 ± 6.01 19.74 ± 7.69
Pathologic features
 Urothelial Carcinoma 354 (96.99) 68.04 ± 16.25 87.53 ± 16.15 19.18 ± 5.59 17.57 ± 6.83 15.37 ± 4.60 15.91 ± 6.05 19.49 ± 7.30
 Adenocarcinoma 5 (1.37) 65.20 ± 5.71 89.47 ± 11.85 19.20 ± 3.35 15.00 ± 7.73 17.00 ± 3.24 14.00 ± 4.64 24.27 ± 6.65
 Squamous Cell Carcinoma 6 (1.64) 73.66 ± 25.57 89.92 ± 27.27 20.33 ± 5.57 20.82 ± 6.55 15.83 ± 5.56 16.67 ± 10.65 16.27 ± 5.86
  1. SD standard deviations, PWB physical well-being, SWB social/familial well-being, EWB emotional well-being, FWB functional well-being, BSS bladder cancer specific questions
  2. *p <0.05, **p <0.01