Skip to main content

Table 1 Distribution of health literacy according to patient and practice characteristics for 726 patients

From: The impact of health literacy and life style risk factors on health-related quality of life of Australian patients

Variable (definition) Health literacy  
Low (n = 351) High (n = 375) p-value*
Number % Number %  
Characteristics of patients
Gender (n = 726)
 Male 115 32.8 106 28.3 0.188
 Female 236 67.2 269 71.7  
Age, years (n = 725)
 40–54 177 50.4 141 37.7 0.001
 55–70 174 49.6 233 62.3  
Place of birth (n = 726)
 Australia 261 74.4 283 75.7 0.731
 Outside Australia 90 25.6 92 24.5  
Home ownership (n = 726)
 Owner occupied 308 87.7 347 92.5 0.030
 Rented 43 12.3 28 7.5  
Education (n = 717)
 Degree/Diploma 187 54.0 179 48.2 0.121
 Elementary/High school 159 46.0 192 51.8  
Employment (n = 719)      
 Employed 241 69.7 234 62.7 0.003
 Retired 50 14.5 91 24.4  
 Unemployeda 55 15.9 48 12.9  
Patient risk factors
Smoker (n = 721)
 Yes 40 11.5 21 5.6 0.005
 No 309 88.5 351 94.4  
Poor diet (n = 726)
 Yes 292 83.2 293 78.1 0.085
 No 59 16.8 82 21.9  
Alcohol risk (n = 721)
 Yes 24 6.9 16 4.3 0.131
 No 325 93.1 356 95.7  
Insufficient physical activity (n = 715)
 Yes 217 62.7 175 47.4 <0.001
 No 129 37.3 194 52.6  
Overweight (n = 696)
 Yes 224 67.5 188 51.6 <0.001
 No 108 32.5 176 48.4  
Practice characteristics
 Practice size (n = 726)
 Small practice (1–3 GPs) (N* = 10) 129 36.8 119 31.7 0.154
 Large practice (>3 GPs) (N* = 20) 222 63.2 256 68.3  
Number of nurses (n = 726)
 0–1 (N* = 14) 184 52.4 181 48.3 0.263
  >1 (N* = 16) 167 47.6 194 51.7  
  1. *p-values are for comparison of categories of each variable by health literacy using Pearson’s chi-square test
  2. aIncludes patients looking for work, studying full-time, looking after family and unable to work due to sickness or disability
  3. N* = number of practices