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Table 1 Participant characteristics

From: Associations between the toe brachial index and health-related quality of life in older people

  Diabetes No Diabetes Total
n 55 45 100
Males 32 (58 %) 21 (53 %) 53 (53 %)
Age (years) 68 ± 9* 72 ± 10 70 ± 10
Body mass index (kg/m2) 32.11 ± 7.87 29.54 ± 6.45 30.95 ± 7.34
Toe brachial index 0.76 ± 0.22 0.82 ± 0.19 0.79 ± 0.21
Smokers (ever) 18 (33 %) 16 (36 %) 34 (34 %)
Hypertension 30 (55 %) 22 (49 %) 52 (52 %)
Dyslipidaemia 18 (33 %) 15 (33 %) 33 (33 %)
History ulcer or amputation 3 (5 %) 1 (2 %) 4 (4 %)
Intermittent claudication or rest pain 3 (6 %) 2 (4 %) 5 (5 %)
  1. Mean ± standard deviation
  2. *Significant difference between groups (p < 0.05)