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Table 4 Association between global quality of life, participants’ characteristics and supportive care needs

From: Most prevalent unmet supportive care needs and quality of life of breast cancer patients in a tertiary hospital in Malaysia

Variables Univariate analysis Multivariate analysisa
Mean (SD) p value B SE β p value
Socio-demographic and disease characteristics       
Age    −0.282 1.647 −0.011 0.864
  < 40 years 79.69 (12.53)      
 40–49 years 71.26 (18.44) 0.004     
   > 50 years 63.77 (19.08)      
Ethnicity    −0.038 1.452 −0.002 0.979
 Malay 61.15 (18.64)      
 Chinese 76.19 (14.23) 0.001     
 Indian 77.38 (17.86)      
Educational Level    2.785 1.912 0.146 0.148
 No formal education 44.44 (12.06)      
 Primary 58.33 (20.41) 0.001     
 Secondary 68.12 (15.34)      
 Tertiary 81.76 (10.90)      
Marital Status    0.941 2.592 0.022 0.717
 Unmarried 72.92 (15.77)      
 Married 69.96 (18.54) 0.023     
 Divorced/widowed 57.95 (18.62)      
Employment Status    −2.736 2.256 −0.104 0.228
 Housewife 58.46 (17.74)      
 Employed 81.30 (11.01) 0.001     
 Retired 73.04 (17.56)      
Household Income (RM)    3.231 2.176 0.130 0.141
 Less than 2000 50.61 (13.61)      
 RM2000- 4000 74.48 (15.41) 0.001     
 More than 4000 81.55 (11.19)      
Time since Diagnosis    4.746 1.573 0.177 0.003
  < 2 years 62.83 (19.21)      
 2–5 years 67.00 (18.43) 0.001     
  > 5 years 84.80 (6.06)      
Stage at Diagnosis    −3.776 1.385 −0.215 0.008
 Stage 0 79.16 (7.71)      
 Stage 1 77.08 (12.83)      
 Stage 2 70.73 (17.19) 0.001     
 Stage 3 65.18 (19.51)      
 Stage 4 41.67 (10.34)      
Type of Surgery    −1.668 2.947 −0.041 0.573
 Breast conserving surgery 74.32 (12.79) 0.011     
 Mastectomy 64.79 (20.54)      
 Radiotherapy    3.499 4.999 0.074 0.486
 Yes 64.45 (19.40) 0.001     
 No 81.52 (7.08)      
Chemotherapy    −5.305 4.173 −0.127 0.207
 Yes 62.79 (19.59) 0.001     
 No 80.55 (8.24)      
Hormone therapy    3.502 4.020 0.075 0.386
 Yes 64.67 (19.43) 0.001     
 No 80.56 (9.41)      
Immune therapy    −3.396 2.963 −0.075 0.255
 Yes 75.96 (17.69) 0.013     
 No 65.54 (18.81)      
Unmet Supportive Care Needs Correlation coefficient      
 Physical Needs −0.76 0.001 −0.241 0.070 −0.346 0.001
 Psychological Needs −0.80 0.001 −0.191 0.094 −0.218 0.004
 Sexuality Needs −0.06 0.553 NS NS NS NS
 Patient’s Care Needs −0.44 0.001 −0.028 0.103 −0.024 0.787
 Health Information Needs −0.16 0.092 0.009 0.122 0.006 0.941
  1. aMultiple linear regression model included 117 participants with complete covariate information
  2. B: Regression coefficient, SE: Standard error of regression coefficient, β: Standardized regression coefficient, NS: Not significant and not being entered into multiple linear regression (p value > 0.25), p value < 0.05 is considered as statistically significant