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Table 1 Characteristics of participants

From: A cross-sectional study on quality of life among the elderly in non-governmental organizations’ elderly homes in Kuala Lumpur

Variable n %
Age   
 60–69 years 94 46.3
 ≥70 years 109 53.7
Gender   
 Female 72 35.5
 Male 131 64.5
Ethnicity   
 Malay 6 3.0
 India 17 8.4
 Chinese 177 87.1
 Others 3 1.5
Marital status   
 Married 125 61.6
 Single 78 42.4
Number of children   
 1 child 117 57.6
 ≥ 2 86 42.4
Level of education   
 None 36 17.7
 Primary 45 22.2
 Secondary 95 46.8
 Tertiary 27 13.3
Previous employment sector   
 Government 13 6.4
 Private 124 61.1
 Self-employed 60 29.5
 Unemployed 6 3.0
Pension   
 Yes 19 9.4
 No 184 90.4
Economic status   
 Poor 173 85.2
 Intermediate 17 8.4
 Good 13 6.4
Outdoor leisure activity   
 Yes 159 78.3
 No 44 21.7
Smoking status   
 Smoker 48 23.6
 Non-smoker 155 76.4
Alcohol status   
 Drinker 16 7.9
 Non-drinker 187 92.1
Physical activity   
 Yes 64 31.5
 No 139 68.5
Duration of residence in home   
 < 2 years 110 54.2
 ≥ 2 years 93 45.8
Type of accommodation   
 Ward 183 90.1
 Twin-sharing 20 9.9
Chronic co-morbidities   
 Yes 168 82.8
 No 35 17.2
Social support   
 Low 97 47.8
 Medium 95 46.8
 High 11 5.4