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Table 2 Malay-ECOHIS responses of parents (n = 127)

From: The Malay version of the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (Malay-ECOHIS) – assessing validity and reliability

Impacts Never Hardly ever Occasionally Often Very often Don’t know Mean (SD)
  n % n % n % n % n % n %  
Child impacts              
 How often has your child had pain in the teeth, mouth or jaws 75 59.1 9 7.1 41 32.3 1 0.8 0 0 1 0.8 0.75 (0.95)
 How often has your child ………… because of dental problems or dental treatments?              
  had difficulty drinking hot or cold beverages 104 81.9 7 5.5 15 11.8 0 0 0 0 1 0.8 0.29 (0.67)
  had difficulty eating some foods 92 72.4 13 10.2 20 15.7 2 1.6 0 0 0 0 0.46 (0.81)
  had difficulty pronouncing any words 114 89.8 5 3.9 6 4.7 0 0 1 0.8 1 0.8 0.17 (0.58)
  missed preschool, day care or school 124 97.6 1 0.8 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1.6 0.01 (0.09)
  had trouble sleeping 107 84.3 8 6.3 12 9.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.25 (0.62)
  been irritable or frustrated 105 82.7 10 7.9 10 7.9 0 0 0 0 2 1.6 0.24 (0.59)
  avoided smiling or laughing 114 89.8 5 3.9 8 6.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.17 (0.52)
  avoided talking 118 92.9 4 3.1 4 3.1 0 0 0 0 1 0.8 0.10 (0.39)
Family impacts              
 How often have you or another family member ………… because of your child’s dental problems or treatment?              
  been upset 86 67.7 25 19.7 12 9.4 3 2.4 0 0 1 0.8 0.46 (0.77)
  felt guilty 79 62.2 26 20.5 15 11.8 5 3.9 0 0 2 1.6 0.57 (0.86)
  taken time off from work 112 88.2 11 8.7 3 2.4 0 0 0 0 1 0.8 0.13 (0.41)
 How often has your child had dental problems or dental treatments that had a financial impact on your family? 120 94.5 2 1.6 3 2.4 0 0 0 0 2 1.6 0.06 (0.33)