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Table 8 Correlation coefficients (r) of the relationship between heiQ domains, the Self-Efficacy for Managing Chronic Disease 6-Item Scale (SEM-CD), and the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K6)

From: Validation of a French-language version of the health education impact Questionnaire (heiQ) among chronic disease patients seen in primary care: a cross-sectional study

Domain SEM-CD (r) 95 % CI1 K6 (r) 95 % CI
Health Directed Behaviour 0.35 0.24 – 0.45 −0.21 −0.32 to −0.09
Positive and Active Engagement in Life 0.54 0.43 – 0.62 −0.46 −0.55 to −0.35
Emotional Wellbeing2 −0.57 −0.66 to −0.46 0.61 0.52 – 0.69
Self-Monitoring and Insight 0.37 0.26 – 0.47 −0.20 −0.31 to −0.09
Constructive Attitudes and Approaches 0.53 0.45 – 0.60 −0.45 −0.54 to −0.35
Skill and Technique Acquisition 0.49 0.40 – 0.56 −0.37 −0.46 to −0.28
Social Integration and Support 0.46 0.36 – 0.55 −0.40 −0.50 to −0.30
Health Service Navigation 0.27 0.16 – 0.38 −0.13 −0.24 to −0.01
  1. 1CI = Confidence interval
  2. 2The emotional wellbeing domain has a reversed scale where higher values mean greater overall health-related negative effect