Skip to main content

Table 2 Scores of items in the Japanese version of the Self-Stigma Scale in type 2 diabetes patients

From: Reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the Self-Stigma Scale in patients with type 2 diabetes

   M SD
COGNITIVE Being a ___ takes away many opportunities from me. (29) 1.85 0.67
I think that I am less competent than ordinary people because I am a ___. (26) 1.59 0.57
I feel that my life is unenjoyable because of myself with the illness, ___. (31) 1.81 0.69
No matter how hard I work, I cannot match others because of myself with the illness, ___. (30) 1.64 0.55
Who I am: having the illness, ___, is a heavy burden to me. (38) 2.17 0.78
I have low expectations in life because I am a ___. (18) 1.80 0.64
I am not qualified to compete with others because I am a ___. (27) 1.54 0.54
Who I am: having the illness, ___, is a stigma in my life. (13) 1.92 0.73
Who I am: having the illness, ___, has a negative impact on my financial situation. (35) 2.15 0.83
I am inferior to others because I am a ___. (21) 1.66 0.58
Who I am: having the illness, ___, causes inconvenience on my daily life. (34) 2.13 0.76
I cannot measure up to ordinary people because I am a ___. (10) 1.68 0.65
I cannot change myself with the illness, ___. (11) 1.90 0.67
I lower my standards of living because I am a ___. (6) 1.90 0.65
My life is meaningless because I am a ___. (4) 1.63 0.51
I need assistance from others because I am a ___. (12) 1.77 0.67
My social interactions are limited because I am a ___. (2) 2.04 0.66
It is quite normal for me to be alienated by others because I am a ___. (5) 1.55 0.51
I feel much stressed because I am a ___. (1) 2.49 0.73
AFFECTIVE I cannot feel confident about who I am because of myself with the illness, ___. (33) 1.74 0.61
I am worried about who I am: having the illness, ___, would create obstacles to me. (25) 1.90 0.74
I have negative feelings about myself with the illness, ___. (23) 1.79 0.68
I am unhappy because I am a ___. (32) 1.80 0.69
I feel helpless because I am a ___. (37) 1.59 0.57
I am discouraged because I am a ___. (28) 1.84 0.71
I hate myself because I am a ___. (24) 1.89 0.71
I get embarrassed because of myself with the illness, ___. (39) 1.68 0.68
I feel angry because I am a ___. (22) 1.96 0.75
I feel uncomfortable being a ___. (17) 2.22 0.80
I feel sorry that I am a ___. (8) 1.98 0.73
I feel there is nothing I can do about being a ___. (16) 1.92 0.74
I fear that people around me would find out that I am a ___. (15) 1.75 0.78
I am ashamed of being a ___. (3) 1.99 0.72
BEHAVIORAL I avoid interacting with others because I am a ___. (36) 1.55 0.56
I keep my distance from others because I am a ___. (19) 1.57 0.62
I give up on myself because I am a ___. (14) 1.69 0.63
I hide myself with the illness, ___. (20) 1.66 0.77
I make friends only with people who are in the same condition as mine. (9) 1.48 0.56
I dare not to make new friends because they might find out that I am a ___. (7) 1.53 0.58
  1. ____ in each question item was replaced by either “diabetes” or “patient with diabetes”. The numerical values in parentheses after each question item reflect the order in which the items appeared as the patients completed the SSS-J. Questionnaire items within each subscale are listed in descending order of factor loading. M: mean; SD: standard deviation; SSS-J: Self-Stigma Scale, Japanese version.