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Table 1 Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of participants (n = 210)

From: Reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the Self-Stigma Scale in patients with type 2 diabetes

Patient characteristics N (%) or mean (±SD)
Sex:  
Men 169 (80.5)
Women 41 (19.5)
Age (years): 60.1 (± 10.0)
Marital status:  
Married 152 (72.4)
Unmarried/Divorced/Bereaved 58 (27.6)
Employment:  
Full-time work 121 (57.7)
Part-time work 50 (23.8)
Retired/not working 36 (17.1)
Others 3 (1.4)
Highest education:  
Have not graduated high school 16 (7.6)
High school 66 (31.4)
Technical/junior college 34 (16.2)
Bachelor’s degree or higher 94 (44.8)
Duration of diabetes (years): 13.3 (± 9.6)
Primary treatment:  
Oral hypoglycemic agents 123 (58.6)
Insulin injections 15 (7.1)
Insulin injections and oral hypoglycemic agents 45 (21.4)
Other injectable medications (other than insulin) 14 (6.7)
Lifestyle 13 (6.2)
HbA1c (%): 7.3 (± 1.2)
Numbers of diabetes-related complications:  
0 131 (62.4)
1 53 (25.2)
2 16 (7.6)
3 9 (4.3)
4 1 (0.5)
  1. SD: standard deviation; HbA1c: glycated hemoglobin.