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Table 6 Parameter estimates of factors associated with QUALIDEM-ratings

From: Quality of life ratings in dementia care – a cross-sectional study to identify factors associated with proxy-ratings

  QUALIDEM total score
β 95% CI
No challenging behavior (CMAI)* 11.482 5.104; 17.859
MBI-D low burden** -1.743 -20.541; 17.055
MBI-D moderate burden** -12.940 -29.927; 4.047
Time being on the ward (nurse)# 2.507 0.078; 4.937
SWLS (nurse)# 1.423 0.533; 2.312
  QUALIDEM: Care relationship
β 95% CI
No challenging behavior (CMAI)* 17.570 10.993; 24.147
GDS ≤ 4*** -27.722 -47.329; -8.114
GDS = 5*** -2.061 -12.080; 7.958
GDS = 6*** 0.600 -6.329; 7.528
MBI-D low burden** -5.552 -24.938; 13.834
MBI-D moderate burden** -17.252 -34.771; 0.267
SWLS (nurse)# 1.380 0.463; 2.297
  QUALIDEM: Positive affect
β 95% CI
No challenging behavior (CMAI)* 8.913 2.251; 15.575
MBI-PA low burden** 10.020 -0.436; 20.475
MBI-PA moderate burden** 17.057 5.713; 28.401
Ratings while leisure time**** 8.737 -0.985; 18.460
Ratings in advance of a shift**** 13.491 2.192; 24.789
Ratings while the shift**** -4.156 -12.763; 5.551
  QUALIDEM: Negative affect
β 95% CI
Male (residents)***** 12.852 5.140; 20.563
MBI-EE low burden** -15.205 -29.352; -1.059
MBI-EE moderate burden** 3.241 -7.285; 13.767
MBI-DP low burden** -14.903 -38.606, 8.800
MBI-D moderate burden** -24.105 -45.525; -2.685
Ratings while leisure time**** 7.261 -4.475; 18.998
Ratings in advance of a shift**** 22.714 9.975; 36.354
Ratings while the shift**** 6.779 -3.611; 17.169
ADQ# -1.204 -1.989; -0.419
JSPE# -0.852 -1.657; -0.046
SWLS (nurse) # 1.939 0.818; 3.061*
  QUALIDEM: Restless Tense Behavior
β 95% CI
No challenging behavior (CMAI)* 19.979 11.059; 28.899
GDS ≤ 4*** -6.029 -32.621; 20.562
GDS = 5*** 20.485 6.898; 34.074
GDS = 6*** 15.116 5.720; 24.513
Being no responsible nurse****** 9.630 0.723; 18.536
MBI-EE low burden** -20.363 -36.055; -4.671
MBI-EE moderate burden** -10.023 -21.699; 1.653
MBI-D low burden** -10.641 -36.933; 15.650
MBI-D moderate burden** -21.552 -45.311; 2.208
Ratings while leisure time**** 1.334 -4.693; 25.564
Ratings in advance of a shift**** 10.436 -4.693; 25.564
Ratings while the shift**** -13.395 -24.920; -1.871
Time being on the ward (nurse)# 3.720 0.322; 7.119
SWLS (nurse)# 1.689 0.445; 2.933
  QUALIDEM: Social Isolation
β 95% CI
No challenging behavior (CMAI)* 14.972 8.035; 21.910
SWLS (nurse)# 1.316 0.349; 2.283
  1. *as compared to min. 1 challenging behavior; **as compared to high burden in this scale; ***as compared to GDS 7; ****as compared to ratings after the shift; *****as compared to female; ******as compared to being responsible nurse; #co-variable; p < 0.05, p < 0.10, p < 0.001.
  2. CMAI: Cohen-Mansfield Agitation Inventory; MBI-DP: Maslach Burnout Inventory – Depersonalization; MBI-EE: Maslach Burnout Inventory – Emotional Exhaustion; MBI-PA: Maslach Burnout Inventory – Personal Accomplishment; MBI-D: Maslach Burnout Inventory – Depersonalization; SWLS: Satisfaction with Life Scale; GDS: Global Deterioration Scale; ADQ: Approach to Dementia Questionnaire; JSPE: Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy; CI: Confidence Interval.