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Table 5 Factors associated with QUALIDEM-ratings

From: Quality of life ratings in dementia care – a cross-sectional study to identify factors associated with proxy-ratings

Dependent variable p-value R2 Significant independent variable
QUALIDEM: Total score p < 0.001 0.165 Challenging behavior (CMAI)
non-significant independent variable: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 12, 13, 15 (see underline) Burnout (MBI – D)
Time being on the ward (nurse)
Satisfaction with life (SWLS)
QUALIDEM: Care relationship p < 0.001 0.227 Challenging behavior (CMAI)
non-significant independent variable: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, 12, 13, 15 (see underline) Severity of dementia (GDS)
Burnout (MBI – D)
Satisfaction with life (SWLS)
QUALIDEM: Positive affect p < 0.001 0.182 Challenging behavior (CMAI)
non-significant independent variable: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15 (see underline) Burnout (MBI-PA)
Circumstances of ratings
QUALIDEM Negative affect p < 0.001 0.209 Sex (residents)
non-significant independent variable: 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 8, 11, 15 (see underline) Burnout (MBI – EE)
Burnout (MBI – D)
Circumstances of ratings
Attitude (ADQ)
Empathy (JSPE)
Satisfaction with life (SWLS)
QUALIDEM Restless tense behavior p < 0.001 0.244 Challenging behavior (CMAI)
non-significant independent variable: 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, 13, 15 (see underline) Severity of dementia (GDS)
Responsible nurse (yes/no)
Burnout (MBI – EE)
Burnout (MBI – D)
Circumstances of ratings
Time being on the ward (nurse)
Satisfaction with life (SWLS)
QUALIDEM Positive self image* p = 0.033 0.486 ---
non-significant independent variable: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15 (see underline)
QUALIDEM Social relations p = 0.088 0.099 Satisfaction with life (SWLS)
non-significant independent variable: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 15 (see underline)
QUALIDEM Social isolation p < 0.001 0.173 Challenging behavior (CMAI)
non-significant independent variable: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 15 (see underline) Satisfaction with life (SWLS)
QUALIDEM Feeling at home* p = 0.010 0.532 ---
non-significant independent variable: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15 (see underline)
QUALIDEM Having something to do* p = 0.759 0.268 ---
non-significant independent variable: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15 (see underline)  
  1. 1: min. 1 challenging behavior (CMAI); 2: severity of dementia (GDS); 3: sex (residents); 4: sex (nurses); 5: responsible nurse (yes/no); 6: registered nurse (yes/no); 7: Burnout – emotional exhaustion (MBI-EE); 8: Burnout – personal accomplishment (MBI-PA); 9: Burnout – depersonalization (MBI-D); 10: Circumstances of ratings; 11: time being on the ward (nurse); 12: attitude – ADQ (total score); 13: empathy (JSPE); 14: satisfaction with life (SWLS); 15: days worked in advanced of the ratings; *not for GDS = 7 p < 0.05, p < 0.10, p < 0.001.