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Table 1 Participants' characteristics and comparison of scores across QoL domains

From: Quality of life of Croatian veterans' wives and veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder

  PTSD veterans (N = 164) PTSD veterans' wives (N = 281) Women (N = 115) Men without PTSD (N = 223) P
Age; median (Q1-Q3) 44 (40–48) 48 (42–53) 45 (33–56) 39 (35–44) <0.001
Education; N (%)      <0.001
None 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 3 (1.3)  
Primary 12 (7.3) 46 (16.4) 9 (7.8) 6 (2.7)  
Secondary 135 (82.3) 184 (65.5) 80 (69.6) 151 (67.7)  
Tertiary 17 (10.4) 51 (18.1) 26 (22.6) 63 (28.3)  
Marital status; N (%)          <0.001
Single 21 (12.8) 0 (0.0) 21 (18.3) 44 (19.7)  
Married 130 (79.3) 273 (97.2) 73 (63.5) 169 (75.8)  
Living as married 4 (2.4) 2 (0.7) 4 (3.5) 4 (1.8)  
Separated 8 (4.9) 0 (0.0) 2 (1.7) 5 (2.2)  
Divorced 1 (0.6) 3 (1.1) 10 (8.7) 1 (0.4)  
Widowed 0 (0.0) 3 (1.1) 5 (4.3) 0 (0.0)  
Primary/Comorbid diagnosis; N (%)          <0.001
None 24 (14.6) 254 (90.4) 104 (90.4) 221 (99.1)  
Affective disorders 47 (28.7) 21 (7.5) 5 (4.3) 0 (0.0)  
Anxiety disorders 58 (35.4) 5 (1.8) 6 (5.2) 2 (0.9)  
Psychotic disorders 32 (19.5) 1 (0.4) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)  
Personality disorders 3 (1.8) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)  
Combat experience; N (%) 164 (100.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 160 (71.7) <0.001
Currently ill; N (%) 140 (85.4) 90 (32.3) 28 (24.3) 6 (2.7) <0.001
WHOQOL-BREF scores; median (Q1-Q3)          
Overall QoL 3 (2–3) 3 (3–4) 4 (3–4) 4 (4–4) <0.001
General health 2 (1–3) 3 (3–4) 4 (3–4) 4 (4–5) <0.001
Physical health 38 (25–50) 63 (44–75) 69 (56–81) 88 (81–94) <0.001
Psychological health 38 (25–50) 63 (50–69) 69 (56–81) 81 (75–94) <0.001
Social 50 (31–63) 69 (50–75) 75 (56–81) 81 (75–94) <0.001
Environmental 56 (44–69) 56 (44–63) 69 (56–75) 75 (69–88) <0.001
  1. The differences in categorical variables were tested with Pearson's χ2 tests and continuous variables were compared by using Kruskal–Wallis one-way analysis of variance by ranks. Abbreviations: QoL, quality of life; Q1–Q3, interquartile range; WHOQOL-BREF, The World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire – short form; PTSD, posttraumatic stress disorder.