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Table 2 Mean scores on the 12 MSQOL-54 subscales and the two composite scores for the total sample, by gender and by ambulation status (the latter two adjusted for effects of age and disease duration)

From: Disability status and quality of life in multiple sclerosis: non-linearity of the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS)

   Gender Level of ambulation
  Total Sample Men Women Group 1 Group 2 Group 3
Physical function 44.0 +/- 33.9 37.7 +/- 22.1 37.1 +/- 23.2 67.9 +/- 26.1b,c 28.9 +/- 23.4b,d 15.4 +/- 23.3d,c
Role (physical) 35.8 +/- 40.6 35.0 +/- 37.9 a 30.0 +/- 40.2 a 51.2 +/- 44.9b,c 25.5 +/- 40.3b 20.9 +/- 40.1c
Role (emotional) 58.2 +/- 44.5 58.8 +/- 45.4 57.0 +/- 48.6 64.6 +/- 53.6c 57.1 +/- 48.0 52.1 +/- 47.5c
Pain 65.4 +/- 29.2 69.9 +/- 28.4 a 62.5 +/- 29.6 a 72.2 +/- 33.7b,c 65.5 +/- 30.0b 60.8 +/- 30.4c
Emotional well-being 61.3 +/- 20.1 62.1 +/- 21.2 60.6 +/- 22.0 64.0 +/- 25.0b,c 60.2 +/- 22.4b 59.9 +/- 22.5c
Energy 39.7 +/- 19.8 39.7 +/- 20.3 38.3 +/- 21.1 44.9 +/- 24.1b,c 37.0 +/- 21.6b 35.1 +/- 21.7c
Health perceptions 43.9 +/- 18.9 41.4 +/- 19.0 43.2 +/- 19.8 48.9 +/- 22.5b,c 40.2 +/- 20.1b 37.9 +/- 20.3c
Social function 65.1 +/- 24.9 63.0 +/- 23.5 63.7 +/- 24.4 75.2 +/- 27.8b,c 61.0 +/- 24.7b,d 53.8 +/- 25.1d,c
Cognitive function 68.4 +/- 22.9 66.5 +/- 24.0 69.1 +/- 24.9 69.0 +/- 28.4 68.2 +/- 25.4 66.3 +/- 25.7
Health distress 62.8 +/- 21.9 61.7 +/- 22.2 61.7 +/- 23.1 69.6 +/- 26.3b,c 59.3 +/- 23.5b 56.3 +/- 23.7c
Overall quality of life 58.0 +/- 24.5 55.0 +/- 23.0 56.2 +/- 24.0 66.8 +/- 27.2b,c 53.9 +/- 24.3b,d 46.1 +/- 24.6d,c
Sexual function 61.2 +/- 33.6 52.6 +/- 31.6 a 65.0 +/- 33.2 a 68.1 +/- 35.9b,c 57.7 +/- 32.3b,d 50.6 +/- 32.6d,c
physical health composite 52.7 +/- 19.7 49.6 +/- 16.9 48.9 +/- 18.3 62.5 +/- 19.1b,c 45.5 +/- 17.2b,d 39.8 +/- 17.2d,c
mental health composite 62.0 +/- 21.3 61.1 +/- 22.0 60.6 +/- 23.6 66.3 +/- 25.8b,c 59.6 +/- 23.1b 56.7 +/- 22.9c
  1. ap < .01 men vs. women (ANCOVA)
  2. bp < .01 group 1 vs. group 2 (ANCOVA)
  3. cp < .01 group 1 vs. group 3 (ANCOVA)
  4. dp < .01 group 2 vs. group 3 (ANCOVA)