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Table 6 Linear multivariate regression of EQ-5D index, according to diabetes type

From: Health-related quality of life in diabetes: The associations of complications with EQ-5D scores

  Type 1 Type 2
N 165 356
  Coefficient (95% CI) P > |t| Coefficient (95% CI) P > |t|
Constant 1.092 (0.921 to 1.263) <0.001 0.990 (0.787 to 1.193) <0.001
Sex (male = 0, female = 1) 0.041 (-0.023 to 0.105) 0.210 0.024 (-0.016 to 0.064) 0.240
Age (in 10 years) -0.003 (-0.022 to 0.016) 0.749 0.0004 (-0.017 to 0.017) 0.967
Impaired vision (no = 0, yes = 1) -0.063 (-0.169 to 0.044) 0.245 -0.012 (-0.074 to 0.051) 0.711
Ischemic heart disease (no = 0, yes = 1) -0.181 (-0.331 to -0.031) 0.019 -0.037 (-0.103 to 0.030) 0.276
Proteinuria (no = 0, yes = 1) 0.089 (-0.036 to 0.215) 0.161 0.043 (-0.019 to 0.106) 0.174
Foot Ulcer (no = 0, yes = 1) -0.083 (-0.271 to 0.105) 0.383 -0.016 (-0.134 to 0.101) 0.783
Stroke (no = 0, yes = 1) -0.291 (-0.475 to -0.108) 0.002 -0.135 (-0.247 to -0.023) 0.018
Neuropathy (no = 0, yes = 1) -0.358 (-0.535 to -0.180) <0.001 -0.187 (-0.316 to -0.057) 0.005
Body mass index (kg/m2 ) -0.004 (-0.008 to 0.001) 0.123 -0.002 (-0.007 to 0.002) 0.307
Disability pension (no = 0, yes = 1) -0.111 (-0.191 to -0.030) 0.008 -0.100 (-0.153 to -0.046) <0.001
Number of hospital admissions during previous 6 months 0.003 (-0.042 to 0.049) 0.880 -0.028 (-0.076 to 0.020) 0.255
Receives help from others (no = 0, yes = 1) -0.090 (-0.217 to 0.037) 0.166 -0.123 (-0.185 to -0.060) <0.001
Hypoglycaemia index# -0.023 (-0.071 to 0.025) 0.337 -0.004 (-0.039 to 0.032) 0.839
Fear of hypoglycaemia## (small = 0, large = 1) -0.021 (-0.073 to 0.031) 0.432 -0.078 (-0.129 to -0.028) 0.003
Limitations at work## (small = 0, large = 1) -0.023 (-0.089 to 0.043) 0.494 -0.087 (-0.148 to -0.025) 0.006
Limitations socially## (small = 0, large = 1) -0.107 (-0.188 to -0.026) 0.010 -0.002 (-0.049 to 0.046) 0.944
  1. # Self reported episodes of hypoglycaemia, with 4 levels of severity (level 1 = hypoglycaemia cured with the intake of for example fluids containing sugar, no help from other required, level 2 = hypoglycaemia cured with the intake of for example fluids containing sugar, help from others required, level 3 = hypoglycaemia with help from doctor required (no hospital admission), level 4 = hypoglycaemia resulting in hospital admission), then added with severity weights (level 1 × 1, level 2 × 2, level 3 × 3, level 4 × 4) and finally divided in 3 groups 0, 1-11 and 12 to max ## Self reported on a scale from 1 to 5 (1 = not at all, 5 = very much), recoded to 2 levels (> and < than 2.5 due to imputed values having values with decimals)