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Table 1 Description of the study population

From: The cross-sectional associations between sense of coherence and diabetic microvascular complications, glycaemic control, and patients' conceptions of type 1 diabetes

  Weak SOC a Strong SOC p
  n = 311 (25%) n = 953 (75%)  
Men, n (%) 113 (36) 453 (48) 0.001
Age, years 44 ± 12 45 ± 12 0.266
Diabetes duration, years 29 (19 - 38) 28 (18 - 37) 0.270
Current smoking, % 21 18 0.273
Low SES b, % 15 15 1.000
HbA1c, % 8.1 (7.5 - 9.0) 8.0 (7.2 - 8.7) 0.004
Total cholesterol, mmol/l 4.6 (4.0 - 5.1) 4.4 (4.0 - 5.1) 0.352
HDL cholesterol, mmol/l 1.8 (1.4 - 2.1) 1.7 (1.4 - 2.0) 0.551
Triglycerides, mmol/l 0.9 (0.6 - 1.3) 0.9 (0.7 - 1.3) 0.842
BMI, kg/m2 25 (23 - 28) 25 (23 - 28) 0.625
Systolic blood pressure, mmHg 135 (124 - 151) 137 (125 - 151) 0.204
Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg 80 (71 - 85) 79 (72 - 85) 0.941
  1. Data are shown as frequency (%) for categorical variables, mean ± SD for continuous normally distributed variables, and median (interquartile range) for continuous non-normally distributed variables. a SOC = sense of coherence; values <63 signify weak SOC, b Low socioeconomic status (unskilled blue collar workers).