Skip to main content

Table 1 Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics, and hazard ratios for MACCE and all-cause mortality (N = 145).

From: Patient-reported outcomes as predictors of 10-year survival in women after acute myocardial infarction

    MACCE n = 52 All-cause mortality n = 59
  n* % HR p-value HR p-value
Socio-demographics:       
Mean age in years (SD) 72 (5)   1.05 0.131 1.06 0.044
Cohabitation status     0.007   <0.001
   - Living alone 60 41 2.12   2.87  
   - Cohabitation 85 59 (ref)   (ref)  
Marital status     0.003   0.009
   - Divorced 7 5 4.57 0.007 3.20 0.036
   - Widowed 62 43 2.76 0.001 2.61 0.001
   - Unmarried 6 4 0.84 0.868 2.71 0.111
   - Married 68 48 (ref)   (ref)  
Educational status     0.085   0.098
   - Elementary school 61 44    (ref)  
   - Secondary school 41 29 1.09 0.804 1.29 0.441
   - High school and university/college 37 27 2.00 0.039 1.99 0.032
Clinical characteristics:       
Risk factors of CAD       
   - Mean total cholesterol, mmol/L (SD) 7.0 (1.4)   1.10 0.400 1.05 0.660
   - Hypertension 53 37 0.96 0.877 1.30 0.318
   - Diabetes mellitus 17 12 1.74 0.130 1.22 0.607
   - Overweight 42 39 0.90 0.740 1.14 0.665
   - Family history of CAD 59 68 1.85 0.152 2.06 0.115
   - Smoking habits     0.531   0.817
- Non smoker 68 55 1.24 0.528 1.16 0.674
- Ex-smoker 21 17 0.77 0.607 1.31 0.528
- Current smoker 34 28 (ref)   (ref)  
Previous angina 62 45 1.27 0.397 1.23 0.441
Previous acute MI 32 23 1.09 0.788 1.11 0.734
Mean time since MI in months (SD) 29 (16)   1.01 0.333 1.01 0.398
Disease severity       
   - Mean max CK (SD) 1099 (1000)   1.00 0.540 1.00 0.744
   - Q in ECG 63 44 0.83 0.502 1.22 0.447
   - Left ventricular ejection fraction     0.108   0.012
- >60% 78 62 (ref)   (ref)  
- 30-60% 45 36 0.97 0.926 1.19 0.568
- <30% 2 2 4.69 0.038 9.88 0.003
Mean creatinine, μmol/L (SD) 92.5 (18.9)   1.07 0.386 1.18 0.028
Treatment during index MI     0.258   0.793
   - Medical treatment 92 66 0.43 0.164 1.99 0.497
   - Thrombolysis 43 31 0.35 0.100 1.95 0.517
   - PCI/CABG 4 3 (ref)   (ref)  
Medication at discharge after index MI       
   - Beta blockers 98 69 0.50 0.015 0.77 0.340
   - Calcium antagonists 18 13 0.47 0.199 1.11 0.789
   - ACE inhibitors 40 28 1.44 0.232 1.36 0.281
   - Diuretics 48 34 1.60 0.109 1.66 0.060
   - Digitalis 9 6 1.97 0.152 1.19 0.738
   - Antithrombotics 123 86 1.04 0.924 1.14 0.730
   - Lipid-lowering 26 18 1.05 0.899 0.71 0.360
   - Antidiabetics 12 8 1.96 0.100 1.03 0.955
  1. Significant results are shown in bold.
  2. *n varies between the different variables because of missing values. Time from index MI to survey. Logtransformed as independent variable, HR per 10% increase.
  3. MACCE, major adverse cardiac and cerebral events; CAD, coronary artery disease; CK, creatinine kinase; PCI, percutaneous coronary intervention; CABG, coronary artery bypass grafting.