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Table 4 Estimated associations between the onset of restriction in individual aspects of life and amount of restriction at baseline, unadjusted, adjusted for gender and adjusted for age; Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals

From: Onset and persistence of person-perceived participation restriction in older adults: a 3-year follow-up study in the general population

  Unadjusted OR* (95% CI) Gender adjusted Adj OR (95% CI) Age adjusted Adj OR (95% CI)
Mobility within the home    
1–2 2.67 (1.79, 3.97) 2.68 (1.80, 3.98) 2.40 (1.60, 3.60)
3+ 7.53 (4.76, 11.91) 7.61 (4.81, 12.05) 6.52 (4.10, 10.35)
Mobility outside the home    
1–2 1.91 (1.45, 2.52) 1.91 (1.45, 2.51) 1.86 (1.40, 2.46)
3+ 3.24 (1.94, 5.40) 3.20 (1.93, 5.32) 3.30 (1.92, 5.66)
Self-care    
1–2 2.42 (1.60, 3.66) 2.42 (1.60, 3.66) 2.20 (1.45, 3.34)
3+ 8.12 (5.30, 12.46) 8.16 (5.34, 12.48) 7.40 (4.52, 11.36)
Looking after the home    
1–2 2.19 (1.59, 3.03) 2.19 (1.59, 3.02) 2.07 (1.49, 2.88)
3+ 5.99 (3.88, 9.26) 5.98 (3.87, 9.23) 5.53 (3.56, 8.61)
Looking after belongings    
1–2 2.31 (1.52, 3.49) 2.29 (1.52, 3.47) 2.21 (1.46, 3.37)
3+ 7.07 (4.48, 11.14) 7.00 (4.46, 1.00) 6.54 (4.05, 10.58)
Looking after dependents    
1–2 1.03 (0.63, 1.66) 1.02 (0.64, 1.65) 1.10 (0.68, 1.78)
3+ 3.06 (1.95, 4.81) 3.03 (1.92, 4.78) 3.54 (2.25, 5.55)
Interpersonal interaction    
1–2 2.67 (1.92, 3.70) 2.65 (1.91, 3.67) 2.46 (1.77, 3.42)
3+ 5.67 (3.72, 8.65) 5.58 (3.67, 8.48) 5.07 (3.29, 7.86)
Managing money    
1–2 1.64 (1.21, 2.21) 1.63 (1.21, 2.20) 1.62 (1.20, 2.18)
3+ 2.08 (1.44, 3.00) 2.05 (1.42, 2.96) 2.03 (1.40, 2.95)
Work    
1–2 1.24 (0.78, 1.97) 1.23 (0.78, 1.95) 1.33 (0.83, 2.13)
3+ 1.10 (0.60, 2.03) 1.08 (0.59, 1.98) 1.25 (0.67, 2.32)
Education    
1–2 1.14 (0.76, 1.72) 1.14 (0.76, 1.73) 1.31 (0.87, 2.00)
3+ 0.57 (0.30, 1.10) 0.57 (0.30, 1.11) 0.69 (0.35, 1.34)
Social activities    
1–2 1.53 (1.14, 2.06) 1.53 (1.14, 2.06) 1.50 (1.11, 2.02)
3+ 2.07 (1.41, 3.04) 2.08 (1.41, 3.05) 1.99 (1.35, 2.94)
  1. * Odds ratio; 95 percent confidence interval