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Table 3 Association between PTSD symptoms and traumatic experiences of armed conflict-related events (n = 1172)

From: Prevalence of and factors influencing posttraumatic stress disorder among mothers of children under five in Kabul, Afghanistan, after decades of armed conflicts

     PTSD symptom clusters
  PTSD Re-experiencing Avoidance Arousal
  OR 95%CI   OR 95%CI   OR 95%CI   OR 95%CI  
Experiences related to armed conflict             
   Shelling or rocket attacks 3.37 2.48–4.58 ** 15.24 8.88–26.10 ** 3.28 2.42–4.46 ** 2.54 1.67–3.88 **
   Bomb explosions 2.37 1.66–3.39 ** 10.15 5.67–18.19 ** 2.40 1.69–3.42 ** 2.00 1.24–3.22 *
   Disabled family member because of conflict 1.31 0.86–2.01   1.73 1.13–2.65 * 1.40 0.93–2.12   1.30 0.79–2.12  
   Murder of family members or relatives 4.41 2.86–6.72 ** 29.60 9.39–93.43 ** 4.82 3.09–7.54 ** 1.92 1.09–3.39 *
   Missing or loss of family members 3.45 2.15–5.52 ** 33.90 8.43–136.8 ** 3.78 2.34–6.13 ** 2.10 1.09–4.03 *
   Others 2.62 1.84–3.74 ** 17.45 8.46–35.97 ** 2.65 1.86–3.77 ** 1.79 1.13–2.83 *
Number of armed conflict-related events experienced             
   0 1.00    1.00    1.00    1.00   
   1 10.02 7.12–14.09 ** 49.00 31.24–77.01 ** 8.61 6.27–11.84 ** 2.91 2.07–4.09 **
   2 10.57 7.02–15.90 ** 40.10 22.42–71.67 ** 10.47 7.05–15.54 ** 2.45 1.57–3.50 **
   3–7 12.16 6.47–22.83 ** 179.30 24.53–1311.2 ** 9.67 5.19–18.00 ** 4.42 1.72–3.80 **
  1. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01