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Table 3 The patients' scores before and after prosthetic voice restoration on each domain of the VHI. Funct, Phys, &Emot refer to Functional, Physical, & Emotional domains. VHI refers to the total score. Numbers 1 & 2 refers to before & after voice restoration, respectively.

From: Voice restoration following total laryngectomy by tracheoesophageal prosthesis: Effect on patients' quality of life and voice handicap in Jordan

Patients Funct1 Funct2 Phys1 Phys2 Emot1 Emot2 VHI 1 VHI 2
Mean 36 14 30 13 27 9 93 36
Standard Deviation 4 9 8 6 11 9 18 21
Range 28–40 0–28 15–40 5–26 6–40 1–30 59–120 8–77