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Table 2 TAPQOL-PF. Mean HRQoL scores for children aged 1 to 6 years of age that completed one or both questionnaires (mean ± sd)

From: Quality of life in children three and nine months after discharge from a paediatric intensive care unit: a prospective cohort study

  3 months after discharge (n = 34) Effect size (d) P Value 9 months after discharge (n = 33) Effect size (d) P Value Normative data
Stomach problems 91.9 ± 12.0 0.00 0.2 89.1 ± 15.8 0.3 0.2 91.9 ± 13.8
Skin problems 93.9 ± 8.9 0.2 0.3 91.9 ± 11.1 0.009 0.7 91.8 ± 10.8
Lung problems 83.8 ± 18.4* 0.6 0.000 85.9 ± 21.7* 0.5 0.002 93.6 ± 16.2
Sleeping 73.9 ± 21.1 0.5 0.03 78.5 ± 20.3 0.2 0.4 82.3 ± 17.3
Appetite 89.8 ± 10.0* 0.4 0.004 84.1 ± 15.5 0.04 0.08 84.6 ± 13.2
Motor functioning 95.7 ± 8.0 0.6 0.02 92.4 ± 15.4 1.4 0.007 98.5 ± 4.4
Social functioning 93.2 ± 15.1 0.1 0.2 88.7 ± 17.0 0.2 0.3 91.3 ± 15.4
Problem behaviour 76.6 ± 16.0* 0.6 0.004 73.4 ± 18.2 0.4 0.6 67.7 ± 15.3
Communication 90.8 ± 12.0 0.1 1.0 90.8 ± 13.4 0.1 0.6 91.7 ± 9.9
Anxiety 72.2 ± 21.5 0.3 0.5 79.6 ± 21.4 0.1 0.3 78.3 ± 18.0
Positive mood 97.4 ± 9.6 0.2 0.2 93.4 ± 16.6 0.8 0.01 98.7 ± 6.5
Liveliness 92.9 ± 16.2 0.6 0.03 90.6 ± 17.9* 0.9 0.002 98 ± 8.0
  1. * p < 0.005 whole group versus normative data.
  2. High scores represent a better HRQoL