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Table 2 Comparison of Quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF) between fathers and mothers of children and adolescents with Pervasive development disorder (PDDs), Mental retardation (MR), Cerebral Palsy (CP) and controls (CG).

From: Impairment of quality of life in parents of children and adolescents with pervasive developmental disorder

Fathers PDDs (N = 30) MR (N = 40) CP (N = 17) CG (N = 35) ANOVA Post-hoc contrasts
      F p  
Q1 (mean ± SD)      7.28 0.000 CG>PDDs
Q2 (mean ± SD) 65.83 ± 19.12 72.16 ± 18.06 63.24 ± 20.00 74.29 ± 22.27 1.8 0.151  
Physical (mean ± SD) 65.48 ± 11.11 67.37 ± 12.83 64.92 ± 17.05 72.24 ± 14.80 1.77 0.156  
Psychological (mean ± SD) 64.58 ± 16.00 71.69 ± 12.41 76.47 ± 9.65 68.93 ± 14.93 3.05 0.031 CP>PDDs
Relationships (mean ± SD) 60.00 ± 18.36 68.37 ± 16.13 72.06 ± 9.29 75.24 ± 15.59 5.27 0.002 CG>PDDs
Environment (mean ± SD) 53.75 ± 12.70 55.61 ± 12.46 59.01 ± 12.59 56.96 ± 17.78 0.56 0.640  
Mothers PDDs (N = 39) MR (N = 49) CP (N = 27) CG (N = 42) F p  
Q1 (mean ± SD) 58.33 ± 21.71 63.27 ± 20.48 60.35 ± 16.53 77.98 ± 13.75 9.16 0.000 CG>PDDs, MR, CP
Q2 (mean ± SD) 55.77 ± 26.57 67.35 ± 21.77 65.29 ± 19.98 71.43 ± 21.08 3.47 0.018 CG>PDDs
Physical (mean ± SD) 53.94 ± 16.34 64.65 ± 15.91 60.87 ± 12.99 68.45 ± 15.68 6.44 0.000 CG>PDDs, MR
Psychological (mean ± SD) 57.59 ± 17.41 68.79 ± 13.40 67.20 ± 15.68 64.38 ± 15.40 4.17 0.007 MR>PDDs
Relationships (mean ± SD) 58.97 ± 23.68 69.73 ± 16.47 66.97 ± 15.99 72.22 ± 18.56 3.72 0.013 CG>PDDs
Environment (mean ± SD) 48.96 ± 14.84 57.14 ± 11.71 54.64 ± 12.60 54.24 ± 19.00 2.24 0.086  
  1. Q1 = Overall perception of Quality of Life; Q2 = Overall perception of Health.