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Table 3 Mean values (M) and standard deviations (SD) for the EORTC QLQ-C30 scales and single items and the HADS subscales at (T1–T4) (n = 36)

From: Health related quality of life and psychosocial function among patients with carcinoid tumours. A longitudinal, prospective, and comparative study

Scales/single items T1 T2 T3 T4
  M, SD M, SD M, SD M, SD
PFa 80 (22) 80 (20) 81 (22) 79 (22)
RFa 53 (39) 64 (31) 69 (28) 69 (35)
EFa 77 (20) 75 (23) 75 (21) 82 (19)
CFa 85 (21) 85 (17) 83 (18) 84 (18)
SFa 77 (26) 80 (28) 80 (26) 79 (27)
QLa 58 (19) 61 (23) 58 (24) 58 (25)
FAb 35 (26) 38 (27) 35 (24) 34 (24)
NVb 3 (8) 10 (20) 6 (12) 7 (12)
PAb 20 (28) 23 (31) 27 (33) 21 (27)
DYb 27 (31) 22 (24) 30 (36) 29 (34)
SLb 18 (24) 11 (18) 13 (18) 18 (26)
APb 10 (19) 18 (28) 8 (17) 13 (24)
COb 9 (22) 13 (22) 10 (21) 9 (23)
DIb 25 (35) 21 (29) 23 (31) 30 (27)
FIb 14 (23) 15 (26) 12 (23) 14 (26)
Ac 5.1 (4.1) 5.1 (4.7) 4.4 (3.9) 4.1 (3.4)
Dc 4.1 (3.7) 4.6 (4.6) 5.0 (4.0) 4.5 (3.6)
  1. PF = Physical function, RF = Role function, CF = Cognitive function,
  2. EF = Emotional function, SF = Social function, QL = Global quality of life,
  3. FA = Fatigue, NV = Nausea/vomiting, P = Pain, DY = Dyspnoea,
  4. SL = Sleep disturbances, AP = Appetite loss, CO = Constipation,
  5. DI = Diarrhoea, FI = Perceived financial impact, A = Anxiety, D = Depression
  6. a Scores range from 0 to 100, a higher score represents a higher level of function.
  7. b Scores range from 0 to 100, a higher score represents a higher level of symptoms.
  8. c Scores range from 0–21, a higher score represents a higher level of problems.