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Table 6 SF-36 scores and HADS scores by age, gender, and method of administration

From: Measuring health-related quality of life in adolescents and young adults: Swedish normative data for the SF-36 and the HADS, and the influence of age, gender, and method of administration

SF-36 and HADS scales Telephone M (SD) Mail M (SD)
  13–15
n = 89
16–19
n = 119
20–23
n = 92
13–15
n = 88–91
16–19
n = 106–110
20–23
n = 83–84
Physical Functioning       
   Male 99.4 (2.2) 97.6 (13.3) 97.2 (7.9) 93.6 (17.2) 95.7 (13.4) 96.9 (8.1)
   Female 98.4 (4.5) 97.5 (5.4) 97.3 (7.1) 93.3 (19.7) 93.1 (12.3) 96.7 (7.6)
Role-Physical       
   Male 93.8 (16.3) 91.2 (19.8) 90.8 (20.7) 89.8 (23.7) 81.4 (29.2) 89.6 (27.0)
   Female 91.1 (21.4) 86.3 (25.9) 87.5 (29.7) 90.4 (21.0) 84.8 (28.2) 85.4 (24.6)
Bodily Pain       
   Male 86.9 (18.3) 87.0 (18.1) 86.3 (16.7) 93.5 (14.0) 77.9 (20.7) 81.9 (21.1)
   Female 88.8 (17.7) 82.1 (18.6) 82.4 (21.6) 86.4 (14.2) 78.4 (24.1) 74.0 (23.3)
General Health       
   Male 86.8 (11.7) 85.1 (14.9) 82.9 (15.3) 92.5 (9.7) 79.8 (19.4) 78.1 (16.6)
   Female 82.7 (16.4) 78.0 (18.3) 81.6 (16.2) 86.2 (14.1) 71.1 (21.7) 73.3 (17.2)
Vitality       
   Male 78.2 (12.1) 75.5 (18.9) 68.3 (18.0) 78.9 (14.0) 61.2 (22.0) 65.8 (14.6)
   Female 70.6 (16.4) 60.0 (18.4) 65.0 (19.7) 74.0 (18.8) 56.6 (21.9) 53.5 (22.8)
Social Functioning       
   Male 97.7 (6.2) 93.4 (17.1) 92.6 (17.0) 96.9 (8.1) 90.6 (15.4) 91.7 (13.4)
   Female 95.3 (11.7) 91.3 (12.3) 90.5 (16.5) 95.0 (8.6) 80.5 (21.6) 78.6 (27.2)
Role-Emotional       
   Male 95.5 (18.5) 88.9 (26.2) 85.9 (28.1) 95.5 (18.5) 86.4 (28.8) 89.8 (25.0)
   Female 90.4 (25.2) 78.5 (32.6) 84.1 (29.6) 87.8 (26.2) 68.9 (37.9) 65.3 (38.3)
Mental Health       
   Male 86.8 (9.4) 84.1 (14.4) 80.2 (16.1) 87.0 (12.8) 78.9 (15.3) 77.2 (15.4)
   Female 79.5 (15.4) 76.9 (14.2) 77.7 (17.6) 82.2 (14.9) 69.4 (22.6) 66.3 (20.2)
Physical Component Summary       
   Male 55.0 (2.9) 54.8 (5.5) 54.9 (4.8) 54.6 (6.2) 52.4 (6.1) 53.7 (7.2)
   Female 55.3 (4.3) 54.2 (5.5) 54.3 (6.2) 54.1 (6.2) 53.3 (7.6) 54.3 (6.2)
Mental Component Summary       
   Male 52.7 (4.5) 50.5 (9.7) 48.3 (10.0) 53.3 (5.1) 47.9 (9.3) 48.0 (9.3)
   Female 49.1 (9.2) 45.7 (8.3) 47.0 (10.6) 50.5 (7.9) 41.3 (13.8) 39.1 (14.4)
Anxiety       
   Male 3.59 (2.37) 3.79 (3.12) 4.07 (3.04) 2.34 (2.58) 5.17 (3.58) 5.08 (3.60)
   Female 5.64 (2.93) 5.34 (3.22) 5.50 (4.52) 4.58 (4.12) 7.00 (4.29) 6.96 (4.42)
Depression       
   Male 2.32 (1.91) 2.49 (1.74) 2.78 (2.55) 1.82 (2.29) 3.76 (3.30) 2.89 (2.28)
   Female 2.20 (2.51) 2.68 (1.92) 2.59 (3.02) 2.15 (3.04) 3.00 (3.15) 4.02 (3.79)