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Table 5 SF-36 scores and HADS scores by method of administration and age group

From: Measuring health-related quality of life in adolescents and young adults: Swedish normative data for the SF-36 and the HADS, and the influence of age, gender, and method of administration

SF-36 and HADS scales Telephone M (SD) Mail M (SD)
  13–15
n = 89
16–19
n = 119
20–23
n = 92
F
df = 2
13–15
n = 88–91
16–19
n = 106–110
20–23
n = 83–84
F
df = 2
Physical Functioning 98.9 (3.6) 97.5 (10.0) 97.2 (7.5) 1.27 93.4 (18.4) 94.2 (12.8) 96.8 (7.7) 1.37
Role-Physical 92.4 (19.0) 88.7 (23.2) 89.1 (25.5) 0.77 90.1 (22.3) 83.3 (28.6) 87.2 (25.6) 1.69
Bodily Pain 87.8 (17.9) 84.5 (18.5) 84.4 (19.3) 1.06 89.9 (14.5) 78.2 (22.6) 77.4 (22.6) 10.75***
General Health 84.7 (14.3) 81.4 (17.1) 82.2 (15.7) 1.16 89.2 (12.5) 75.0 (21.0) 75.4 (17.0) 19.64***
Vitality 74.3 (14.8) 67.9 (20.0) 66.6 (18.9) 4.68** 76.4 (16.7) 58.7 (22.0) 58.8 (20.5) 23.96***
Social Functioning 96.5 (9.4) 92.3 (14.7) 91.6 (16.7) 3.26* 95.9 (8.4) 85.0 (19.7) 84.2 (23.1) 11.72***
Role-Emotional 92.9 (22.2) 83.5 (30.0) 85.0 (28.7) 3.25* 91.6 (22.9) 76.7 (35.1) 75.8 (35.2) 7.05***
Mental Health 83.1 (13.2) 80.4 (14.7) 78.9 (16.8) 1.81 84.6 (14.0) 73.6 (20.1) 71.0 (19.0) 14.14***
Physical Component Summary 55.1 (3.7) 54.5 (5.5) 54.6 (5.5) 0.46 54.4 (6.2) 52.9 (7.0) 54.0 (6.6) 1.26
Mental Component Summary 50.9 (7.5) 48.0 (9.3) 47.6 (10.3) 3.55* 51.8 (6.8) 44.2 (12.5) 43.0 (13.2) 16.27***
Anxiety 4.63 (2.85) 4.60 (3.25) 4.78 (3.90) 0.09 3.47 (3.61) 6.14 (4.08) 6.19 (4.17) 14.05***
Depression 2.26 (2.22) 2.59 (1.83) 2.68 (2.78) 0.89 1.99 (2.69) 3.34 (3.23) 3.53 (3.26) 6.83***
  1. * p < .05; ** p = .01; *** p = .001