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Table 4 SF-36 scores and HADS scores by method of administration and gender

From: Measuring health-related quality of life in adolescents and young adults: Swedish normative data for the SF-36 and the HADS, and the influence of age, gender, and method of administration

SF-36 and HADS scales Telephone M (SD) Mail M (SD)
  Male
n = 147
Female
n = 153
Male
n = 125–130
Female
n = 152–155
Physical functioning 98.0 (9.5) 97.7 (5.7) 95.4 (13.7) 94.3 (13.8)
Role-Physical 91.8 (19.0) 88.0 (25.8) 86.6 (26.9) 86.6 (25.1)
Bodily Pain 86.7 (17.6) 84.2 (19.4) 84.4 (19.9) 79.4 (21.8)*
General Health 84.9 (14.3) 80.5 (17.2)* 83.6 (17.0) 76.3 (19.3)***
Vitality 74.0 (17.2) 65.0 (18.6)*** 68.5 (19.1) 60.7 (22.9)**
Social Functioning 94.5 (14.7) 92.2 (13.6) 93.0 (13.0) 84.2 (21.9)***
Role-Emotional 89.9 (24.9) 83.6 (29.9)* 90.4 (24.7) 73.3 (36.1)***
Mental Health 83.7 (13.8) 77.9 (15.6)*** 81.2 (15.0) 72.1 (20.8)***
Physical Component Summary 54.9 (4.6) 54.6 (5.4) 53.5 (6.5) 53.9 (6.7)
Mental Component Summary 50.5 (8.7) 47.1 (9.4)*** 49.7 (8.4) 43.4 (13.3)***
Anxiety 3.82 (2.88) 5.48 (3.57)*** 4.17 (3.51) 6.27 (4.39)***
Depression 2.53 (2.07) 2.51 (2.46) 2.85 (2.82) 3.06 (3.39)
  1. * p < .05; ** p = .01; *** p = .001