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Table 4 W-BQ12 (Japanese) and subscales: subgroup mean scores, standard deviations and Cronbach's alpha

From: Development of the Well-being questionnaire short-form in Japanese: the W-BQ12

  Treatment groups Sex Total Sample
  Insulin Tablet Diet χ2 (df) Men Women χ2 (df)  
General Well-being (total)         
   Mean (sd) [χ2 (df)] 25.1 (6.3) 26.9 (6.2) 27.3 (5.4) [10.7 (2)**] 26.6 (6.1) 25.8 (6.3) [1.6 (1)] 26.2 (6.2)
   alpha 0.84 0.87 0.82   0.87 0.84   0.85
Negative Well-being         
   Mean (sd) [χ2 (df)] 2.8 (2.8) 2.0 (2.3) 2.1 (2.3) [7.5 (2)*] 2.0 (2.4) 2.7 (2.7) [8.6 (1)**] 2.3 (2.6)
   alpha 0.81 0.73 0.77   0.79 0.76   0.78
Energy         
   Mean (sd) [χ2 (df)] 7.3 (2.6) 8.0 (2.6) 8.4 (2.4) [11.2 (2)*] 7.7 (2.6) 7.9 (2.6) [0.4 (1)] 7.8 (2.6)
   alpha 0.68 0.70 0.70   0.72 0.65   0.69
Positive Well-being         
   Mean (sd) [χ2 (df)] 8.5 (2.5) 8.9 (2.6) 8.9 (2.3) [2.4 (2)] 8.8 (2.4) 8.6 (2.6) [0.3 (1)] 8.7 (2.5)
   alpha 0.77 0.84 0.80   0.82 0.79   0.80
  1. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01