Skip to main content

Table 1 PedsQL™ 4.0 Generic Core Scales Scores for Child Self-Report and Parent Proxy-Report across Samples

From: The PedsQL™ as a patient-reported outcome in children and adolescents with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: a population-based study

  ADHDa Cancerb Cerebral Palsyc Healthyd Differences Effect Size
Scale Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD   
Self-Report (N = 72) (N = 66) (N = 57) (N = 3256)   
   Total Score 70.17 18.28 68.95 15.15 66.27 15.90 84.29 12.56 a<d*** 1.12
   Physical Functioning 82.63 17.47 65.81 20.33 64.81 21.36 88.02 13.26 b, c<a***; a<d** .41
   Psychosocial Health 63.52 21.05 70.81 15.31 67.00 16.08 82.31 13.95 a<b*; a<d*** 1.35
   Emotional Functioning 65.27 25.74 68.94 20.52 66.16 23.34 79.45 18.00 a<d*** 0.79
   Social Functioning 65.55 28.12 78.64 18.38 70.18 18.94 85.95 16.49 a<b***; a<d*** 1.24
   School Functioning 59.76 21.23 64.26 19.64 64.62 21.11 81.50 16.10 a<d*** 1.35
Proxy-Report (N = 69) (N = 71) (N = 57) (N = 3251)   
   Total Score 69.50 16.17 60.67 19.09 56.27 17.27 79.87 16.24 b<a**; c<a***; a<d*** 0.64
   Physical Functioning 84.61 15.89 56.75 26.34 53.31 24.28 81.76 20.82 b, c<a*** 0.14
   Psychosocial Health 61.43 18.79 63.12 17.68 57.85 16.71 78.85 16.00 a<d*** 1.09
   Emotional Functioning 64.36 21.16 58.10 21.96 61.40 18.70 79.51 17.32 a<d*** 0.87
   Social Functioning 65.11 26.92 71.23 19.62 54.74 21.64 80.98 20.85 c<a*; a<d*** 0.76
   School Functioning 53.83 19.10 61.42 21.59 57.39 19.86 76.01 19.66 a<d*** 1.13
  1. Note: ADHD = Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. SCHIP = State's Children's Health Insurance Program. Three parents of children with ADHD did not complete enough items to calculate subscale or summary scores.
  2. *p < .05, **p < .01, ***p < .001 based on Tukey post-hoc analysis. Effect sizes are designated as small (.20), medium (.50), and large (.80). Effect sizes represent the magnitude in the differences between the ADHD and healthy samples only.
  3. With a Bonferroni correction for the number of comparisons, differences at p < .05 and .01 should be considered heuristic/exploratory.