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Table 1 Criteria for the evaluation of the qualitative research papers

From: An increasing number of qualitative research papers in oncology and palliative care: does it mean a thorough development of the methodology of research?

1) Are the methods of the research appropriate to the nature of the question being asked?
2) Is the connection to an existing body of knowledge or theory clear?
3) Is the selection of cases or participants theoretically justified?
4) Is the choice of the employed instrument justified?
5) Is the instrument or the procedure to construct it carefully described?
6) Are there clear accounts of the data collection?
7) Was the data collection and record keeping systematic?
8) Has the relationship between fieldworkers and subjects been considered?
9) Is there evidence that the research was presented and explained to its subjects?
10) Is there evidence about how the subjects perceived the research?
11) Is reference made to accepted procedures for analysis?
12) How systematic is the analysis?
13) Is the evidence available for independent examination?
14) Is there adequate discussion of how themes, concepts and categories were derived from the data?
15) It is sometimes inevitable that externally given or predetermined descriptive categories are used, but have they been examined for their real meaning or any possible ambiguities?
16) Is a clear distinction made between the data and their interpretation?
17) Is there adequate discussion of the evidence both for and against the researcher's arguments?
18) Have measures been taken to test the validity of the findings?
19) Is the research clearly contextualised ?
20) Are the data presented systematically?
21) Though the presentation of the discursive data is always going to require more space than numerical data, is the paper as concise as possible?
22) Are the results credible and appropriate?
23) Have ethical issues been adequately considered?