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Table 1 Selected demographic and health characteristics by QOL summary scores.*

From: Quality of life of 5–10 year breast cancer survivors diagnosed between age 40 and 49

Variable N = 216 % SF-36 Physical SF-36 Mental CARES-SF Global CARES-SF Sexuality CES-D
   Mean (Standard Deviation)
Scale average   48.6 (11.5) 46.8 (11.3) 0.6 (0.5) 1.4 (1.2) 11.8 (10.6)
Tumor node and metastates stage
0 13.0 52.2 (7.9) 48.1 (11.2) 0.4 (0.4) 0.9 (1.1) 10.3 (10.3)
I 29.2 48.1 (10.2) 46.3 (10.4) 0.6 (0.5) 1.5 (1.1) 12.5 (10.7)
IIA & IIB 29.6 48.2 (11.7) 46.29 (11.3) 0.7 (0.5) 1.8 (1.4) 12.2 (11.2)
III & IV 6.0 42.6 (15.0) 44.6 (11.3) 0.8 (0.6) 1.8 (1.2) 15.1 (11.9)
Missing 22.2 49.1 (13.3) 47.8 (12.8) 0.6 (0.4) 1.2 (1.1) 10.2 (9.6)
Age at survey
45–49 yrs 26.1 49.7 (11.9) 44.9 (12.5) 0.7 (0.5) 1.5 (1.2) 13.6 (12.4)
50–54 yrs 51.2 48.0 (11.5) 47.5 (10.8) 0.6 (0.4) 1.3 (1.2) 10.9 (9.3)
55–60 yrs 22.8 48.7 (11.3) 47.2 (11.1) 0.6 (0.5) 1.6 (1.3) 11.8 (11.0)
Breast cancer recurrence since diagnosis
No 84.7 48.7 (11.1) 46.9 (11.5) 0.6 (0.5) 1.4 (1.2) 11.6 (10.5)
Yes 15.3 48.5 (13.4) 46.3 (10.6) 0.7 (0.5) 1.6 (1.3) 12.7 (11.3)
Presence of breast-related symptoms at survey
No 62.3 50.9 (9.4) 48.2 (11.0) 0.5 (0.4) 1.3 (1.2) 9.9 (9.1)
Yes 37.7 44.9 (13.5) 44.2 (11.3) 0.8 (0.6) 1.7 (1.3) 15.1 (12.1)
Type of breast symptom among women with symptoms at survey (not mutually exclusive)
Pain 19.4 44.2 (12.6) 41.2 (10.4) 0.9 (0.6) 2.1 (1.3) 17.4 (12.2)
Swelling 10.3 44.8 (14.7) 47.0 (9.1) 0.7 (0.6) 1.7 (1.3) 12.4 (11.5)
Numbness 3.3 55.2 (7.2) 45.4 (13.7) 0.5 (0.3) 1.2 (0.8) 13.4 (17.0)
Other 8.4 43.0 (14.1) 45.4 (11.1) 0.6 (0.4) 1.1 (1.5) 14.2 (8.9)
Type of surgery (mutually exclusive)
Breast conserving therapy 45.8 50.6 (10.0) 46.0 (12.1) 0.6 (0.5) 1.5 (1.3) 12.3 (11.9)
Mastectomy 54.2 47.0 (12.3) 47.4 (10.7) 0.6 (0.5) 1.4 (1.1) 11.3 (9.4)
Type of therapy (not mutually exclusive)
None 15.8 51.2 (10.6) 46.6 (12.6) 0.4 (0.3) 0.7 (0.7) 11.7 (9.9)
Radiation 62.8 49.5 (10.8) 46.5 (11.4) 0.6 (0.5) 1.6 (1.3) 12.1 (11.3)
Chemotherapy 54.9 46.8 (12.6) 46.1 (11.3) 0.7 (0.5) 1.8 (1.2) 12.4 (10.7)
Hormonal therapy 37.2 46.9 (11.8) 45.5 (11.3) 0.6 (0.5) 1.7 (1.1) 12.8 (11.5)
Menopausal status
Pre or peri-menopausal 16.4 49.8 (10.6) 50.6 (9.4) 0.6 (0.6) 1.0 (1.3) 9.1 (10.5)
Postmenopausal 83.6 48.3 (11.6) 46.1 (11.5) 0.6 (0.5) 1.5 (1.2) 12.3 (10.6)
Health behaviors
Current smoker 9.3 43.8 (15.2) 45.3 (9.7) 0.8 (0.6) 1.8 (1.6) 15.2 (11.8)
Non-smoker 90.7 49.1 (11.0) 46.9 (11.5) 0.6 (0.5) 1.4 (1.2) 11.4 (10.4)
Last Pap smear < 4 years ago 90.0 49.3 (11.3) 47.2 (11.0) 0.6 (0.5) 1.4 (1.2) 11.3 (10.3)
Last Pap smear ≥4 years ago 10.0 44.0 (11.6) 45.6 (11.2) 0.7 (0.5) 1.7 (1.1) 13.8 (11.5)
Last mammogram <2 years ago 89.1 49.6 (10.5) 46.5 (11.0) 0.6 (0.5) 1.4 (1.2) 11.6 (10.2)
Last mammogram ≥2 years ago 10.9 40.8 (15.6) 49.8 (11.7) 0.8 (0.6) 1.6 (1.3) 13.0 (12.4)
Education
≤ High school 21.7 46.6 (13.0) 47.0 (11.4) 0.7 (0.5) 1.6 (1.2) 12.0 (9.2)
Some college/technical school 36.8 47.3 (11.9) 45.5 (12.2) 0.7 (0.5) 1.5 (1.3) 14.6 (12.2)
≥ College graduate 41.5 51.1 (9.7) 48.1 (9.9) 0.5 (0.4) 1.2 (1.1) 8.9 (8.6)
Ethnicity
Non-Caucasian 7.6 47.4 (13.6) 49.5 (13.2) 0.7 (0.8) 1.4 (1.4) 12.8 (15.5)
Caucasian 92.4 48.9 (11.3) 46.7 (11.0) 0.6 (0.5) 1.4 (1.2) 11.5 (10.0)
Employment status at survey (N = 189)
Employed 76.2 49.7 (11.0) 46.9 (11.3) 0.6 (0.5) 1.5 (1.2) 11.2 (10.2)
Unemployed 23.8 46.3 (13.2) 46.7 (12.6) 0.7 (0.6) 1.5 (1.2) 13.1 (12.2)
Income (N = 198)
<$35,000 23.1 43.4 (14.4) 45.1 (11.7) 0.8 (0.6) 1.7 (1.2) 14.4 (11.2)
$35,001–75,000 43.1 49.9 (10.2) 45.8 (11.3) 0.6 (0.5) 1.4 (1.2) 11.6 (10.2)
>$75,000 33.9 51.6 (9.2) 49.3 (10.5) 0.5 (0.4) 1.3 (1.2) 9.8 (10.2)
Chronic disease score at survey
0 53.2 50.3 (10.6) 47.5 (10.9) 0.5 (0.4) 1.4 (1.3) 11.2 (10.1)
1 to 3 25.9 50.3 (8.7) 47.0 (12.8) 0.6 (0.5) 1.5 (1.1) 11.3 (12.1)
≥4 20.8 42.2 (14.3) 44.8 (10.4) 0.7 (0.5) 1.5 (1.2) 13.9 (9.7)
  1. *Scoring: SF-36 subscales 0 to 100 with higher scores indicating higher QOL; CESD 0 to 60 with higher score indicating more depressive symptoms; CARES-SF 0–4 with higher score indicating more difficulty or impairment.