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Table 1 Prevalence of ‘moderate/severe problems’ and of chronic disease

From: Health-related quality of life and socioeconomic status: inequalities among adults with a chronic disease

  Sex Educational level
  Men Women Low High
  n % n % n % n %
Total sample 5,305 47.5 5,872 52.5 4,927 44.0 6,250 56.0
Problemsa concerning:         
Mobility 709 13.4 958 16.3* 1,127 22.9 540 8.7*
Self-care 202 3.8 267 4.5 346 7.0 123 2.0*
Usual activities 567 10.7 756 12.9* 913 18.6 410 6.6*
Pain/discomfort 1,735 32.8 2,116 36.1* 2,264 46.0 1,586 25.4*
Anxiety/depression 449 8.5 930 15.9* 764 15.6 615 9.7*
At least 1 dimension 1,903 36.1 2,454 42.0* 2,477 50.7 1,881 30.3*
None of theseb 3,363 63.9 3,387 58.0* 2,413 49.4 4,336 69.8*
Chronic diseasec         
Muscul. system 381 7.2 426 7.3 487 9.9 320 5.1*
Hypertension 355 6.7 431 7.3 491 10.0 295 4.7*
Diabetes mellitus 198 3.7 236 4.0 291 5.9 142 2.3*
Heart disease 152 2.9 139 2.4 196 4.0 96 1.5*
Rheumatism 110 2.1 130 2.2 160 3.3 80 1.3*
Headache/migraine 59 1.1 169 2.9* 115 2.3 114 1.8
Any of these sixd 972 18.3 1,156 19.7 1,283 26.1 844 13.5*
Any chronic diseasee 1,298 24.5 1,675 28.5* 1,699 34.5 1,275 20.4*
  1. *p < 0.05 (chi2 test comparing men/women resp. low/high educational level).
  2. a)Moderate or severe problems; missing values: mobility (n = 17), self-care (n = 24), usual activities (n = 19), pain/discomfort (n = 22), anxiety/depression (n = 29).
  3. b)None of these problems.
  4. c)Selection of chronic diseases with an overall prevalence of n ≥2% (ordered by prevalence).
  5. d)At least one of the six chronic diseases listed above.
  6. e)Any chronic disease (these six plus other chronic diseases such as arthrosis, asthma, dermatosis or gastro-intestinal disease).