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Table 3 Base SEM model parameters with covariates

From: Latent variables may be useful in pain’s assessment

    Estimate S.E. p Standardized estimate
  Pd Loadings  
CES-D <−−− Pd 2.999 0.339 <0.001 0.327
PADL <−−− Pd 0.447 0.038 <0.001 0.580
PMD <−−− Pd 0.137 0.033 <0.001 0.277
PMED <−−− Pd 0.087 0.024 <0.001 0.180
PSLP <−−− Pd 0.396 0.031 <0.001 0.650
  Ps Loadings  
PADL <−−− Ps 0.191 0.060 0.001 0.248
PMD <−−− Ps 0.239 0.048 <0.001 0.483
PMED <−−− Ps 0.171 0.035 <0.001 0.354
PSLP <−−− Ps 0.137 0.050 0.006 0.225
  Covariate Associations  
CES-D <−−− Age −0.060 0.071 0.398 −0.026
PADL <−−− Age −0.003 0.005 0.595 −0.014
PMD <−−− Age −0.002 0.003 0.509 −0.016
PMED <−−− Age −0.001 0.002 0.512 −0.012
PSLP <−−− Age −0.008 0.005 0.076 −0.054
CES-D <−−− BMI −0.017 0.054 0.746 −0.011
PADL <−−− BMI 0.008 0.004 0.043 0.056
PMD <−−− BMI 0.002 0.002 0.395 0.022
PMED <−−− BMI 0.002 0.002 0.143 0.028
PSLP <−−− BMI 0.008 0.004 0.020 0.076
CES-D <−−− Gender 2.811 0.573 <0.001 0.146
PADL <−−− Gender −0.006 0.039 0.888 −0.003
PMD <−−− Gender −0.027 0.024 0.257 −0.026
PMED <−−− Gender 0.019 0.017 0.278 0.018
PSLP <−−− Gender 0.037 0.037 0.313 0.029
CES-D <−−− Income 0.345 0.754 0.647 0.015
PADL <−−− Income 0.050 0.051 0.331 0.026
PMD <−−− Income 0.012 0.031 0.694 0.010
PMED <−−− Income 0.017 0.022 0.441 0.014
PSLP <−−− Income 0.119 0.048 0.013 0.078
CES-D <−−− Live alone 1.698 0.599 0.005 0.085
PADL <−−− Live alone 0.033 0.041 0.426 0.019
PMD <−−− Live alone 0.041 0.025 0.098 0.038
PMED <−−− Live alone 0.018 0.018 0.321 0.017
PSLP <−−− Live alone 0.014 0.038 0.712 0.011
CES-D <−−− MMSE −0.446 0.048 <0.001 −0.290
PADL <−−− MMSE −0.014 0.003 <0.001 −0.110
PMED <−−− MMSE −0.003 0.001 0.042 −0.037
PMD <−−− MMSE −0.001 0.002 0.483 −0.017
PSLP <−−− MMSE −0.002 0.003 0.577 −0.017
CES-D <−−− NpainRx 2.539 0.484 <0.001 0.155
PADL <−−− NpainRx 0.823 0.033 <0.001 0.599
PMD <−−− NpainRx 0.591 0.020 <0.001 0.671
PMED <−−− NpainRx 0.715 0.014 <0.001 0.832
PSLP <−−− NpainRx 0.372 0.031 <0.001 0.343
  1. Model fit: χ2 = 20.4 (df = 12, p = 0.06); CFI = 0.998; RMSEA = 0.025.
  2. Alone = living alone; BMI = calculated body mass index; CES-D = Centers for Epidemiological Studies-Depression scale; Income = informant assessment of monthly income adequacy; MMSE = Mini-Mental State Exam; NpainRx = number of prescribed pain medications; PADL = self-reported pain-related functional limitations; Pd = depression-related pain report; PMD = self-reported pain-related doctor visits; PMED = self-reported pain-related medication use; Ps = somatic-related pain report; PSLP = self-reported pain-related sleep disturbance.