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Table 2 Characteristics of the wave 7 HEPESE sample (N = 1,078)

From: Latent variables may be useful in pain’s assessment

Age (mean/SD) 85.6 (4.01)
Female (%) 65
US Born (%) 54.3
Interview in Spanish (%) 81.8
Married (%) 31.4
Live Alone (%) 30.3
Annual Income < $10,000 (%) 35.1
Medicare insured (%) 96.7
Body Mass Index (mean/SD) 27.5 (5.6)
MMSE Score (mean) 21.2 (7.5)
Any BADL Impairment (%) 49.5
Any IADL Impairment (%) 85.7
Health Conditions  
Heart attack (ever;%) 10.0
Stroke (%) 10.6
Cancer (ever;%) 10.6
Diabetes (ever;%) 36.5
Hip fracture (%) 7.1
Arthritis (ever;%) 65.9
Pain or discomfort (In the past month;%) 84.2
Hypertension (Self-report & measured;%) 74.1
Number of Pain Medications (Mean/SD) 0.37 (0.56)
Interview Type 83.1
In Person Interview (%)  
Assisted Proxy (%) 7.7
Proxy (%) 9.2
  1. BADL = Basic Activities of Daily Living; CES-D = Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression scale; H-EPESE = Hispanic Established Population for Epidemiological Studies in the Elderly; IADL = Instrumental Activities of Daily Living; MMSE = Mini-Mental State Exam; US = United States.