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Table 3 Baseline scores on HRQoL questionnaires of patients with and without ED visits or hospitalizations due to asthma in the first and the second year of follow-up

From: Utility of brief questionnaires of health-related quality of life (Airways Questionnaire 20 and Clinical COPD Questionnaire) to predict exacerbations in patients with asthma and COPD

HRQoL questionnaires 1st year 2nd year
ED visits Hospitalizations ED visits Hospitalizations
0 ≥1 0 ≥1 0 ≥1 0 ≥1
n = 94 n = 14 n = 100 n = 8 n = 101 n = 7 n = 105 n = 3
AQ20 7.3 ± 4.6 11.6 ± 5.4 7.5 ± 4.7 12.4 ± 5.1* 7.7 ± 4.8 10.3 ± 6.2 7.8 ± 4.8 11.6 ± 6.4
SGRQ scores         
Total 29.8 ± 17.9 43.1 ± 14.7 30.1 ± 17.6 48.9 ± 14.9 30.6 ± 17.9 44.5 ± 17.0 31.0 ± 17.9 48.7 ± 16.3
Symptoms 41.4 ± 20.3 43.5 ± 22.0 40.7 ± 20.4 53.8 ± 17.9 41.9 ± 20.7 38.3 ± 16.5 40.8 ± 19.9 70.1 ± 16.2*
Activity 37.2 ± 24.7 55.1 ± 19.6* 37.8 ± 24.2 60.9 ± 22.4* 38.3 ± 24.5 57.2 ± 23.5 39.1 ± 24.8 54.3 ± 23.3
Impact 21.9 ± 18.0 36.2 ± 15.7 22.4 ± 17.8 40.5 ± 16.6 22.7 ± 17.9 39.3 ± 18.1* 23.4 ± 18.2 38.9 ± 15.5
AQLQ scores         
Total 5.2 ± 0.9 4.3 ± 1.0Ŧ 5.2 ± 0.9 4.7 ± 1.0 5.1 ± 0.9 4.9 ± 1.2 5.1 ± 0.9 4.6 ± 1.2
Symptoms 5.6 ± 1.2 4.7 ± 1.1* 5.5 ± 1.2 5.0 ± 1.0 5.5 ± 1.2 5.2 ± 0.9 5.5 ± 1.2 5.2 ± 0.8
Activities 4.6 ± 0.9 3.8 ± 1.0 4.5 ± 0.9 4.1 ± 1.0 4.5 ± 0.9 4.5 ± 1.4 4.5 ± 0.9 3.8 ± 1.2
Emotional functioning 5.7 ± 1.2 4.7 ± 1.4 5.6 ± 1.3 5.5 ± 1.1 5.0 ± 1.3 5.3 ± 1.8 5.6 ± 1.3 4.8 ± 2.2
Environmental stimuli 5.6 ± 1.3 4.2 ± 1.7 5.5 ± 1.4 4.7 ± 1.5 5.5 ± 1.4 4.8 ± 1.8 5.4 ± 1.4 5.0 ± 1.7
  1. Data are presented as mean ± standard deviation (X ± SD).
  2. AQ20 Airways Questionnaire 20, SGRQ St George´s Respiratory Questionnaire, AQLQ Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire.
  3. P values: comparisons between groups were tested using t test Mann–Whitney U (non-parametric data).
  4. ** p < .1 *p < .05; †p < .01; Ŧp < .001.