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Table 4 Multivariate regression analysis of CarerQol-VAS, standardized coefficients

From: Measuring the impact of caregiving on informal carers: a construct validation study of the CarerQol instrument

CarerQol-7D Whole sample Subgroup analyses
ASIS SRB PU CSI Pt EQ-5D score EQ-5D score income
caregiver care recipient
low high low high low high low high low high low high low high low high
(n = 484) (n = 421) (n = 465) (n = 413) (n = 417) (n = 409) (n = 508) (n = 362) (n = 391) (n = 853) (n = 457) (n = 787) (n = 430) (n = 439) (n = 394) (n = 210)
Fulfillment - no -0.12*** 0.02 -0.12* -0.20*** 0.11* -0.13** 0.01 -0.19*** -0.13** 0.06 -0.18*** -0.04 -0.20*** -0.06 -0.28*** -0.10* -0.17*
- some a -0.12** a a -0.10* a a a a -0.08 a a a a a a a
Relational problems - some -0.01 -0.06 0.02 -0.01 -0.06 0.04 -0.02 0.04 -0.05 -0.01 -0.02 -0.02 -0.02 -0.01 0.01 0.03 0.08
- a lot b 0.00 b b 0.00 0.04 b b -0.03 -0.03 b b b b b b b
Mental health problems - some -0.14*** -0.13** -0.23*** -0.18** -0.09 -0.18** -0.08 -0.15** -0.05 -0.10 -0.21*** -0.19*** -0.06 -0.13* -0.22*** -0.21*** -0.06
- a lot -0.21*** -0.28*** b b -0.36*** -0.38*** b b -0.22** -0.21** b -0.36*** b -0.32*** b -0.27*** -0.24**
Problems with daily activities - some -0.04 -0.01 -0.06 -0.03 -0.02 0.02 -0.05 -0.01 -0.13** -0.06 -0.02 -0.01 -0.06 -0.02 -0.09c -0.07 -0.09
- a lot -0.08** -0.17** -0.05 b -0.08 -0.03 b b -0.27*** -0.12 b -0.15* b 0.00 b b -0.03
Financial problems - some -0.03 0.03 -0.06 -0.01 0.01 -0.02 -0.05 -0.09 0.00 0.01 -0.07* -0.01 -0.08* -0.03 -0.03 -0.12* 0.07
- a lot b 0.03 b b 0.05 -0.00 b b 0.00 0.01 b -0.01 b 0.01 b -0.07 b
Support - no -0.11*** -0.15** -0.05 -0.06 -0.14* -0.15** -0.05 -0.05 -0.15* -0.20** -0.06 -0.12* -0.10* -0.12* -0.10* -0.09 -0.03
- some -0.07** -0.06 -0.10 -0.04 -0.07 -0.11 -0.03 -0.03 -0.09 -0.13* -0.03 -0.10* -0.05 -0.05 -0.07 -0.09 -0.06
Physical health problems - some -0.12*** -0.13* -0.11c -0.14** -0.14* -0.07 -0.17** -0.14** -0.17* -0.10 -0.14** -0.05 -0.13** -0.11 -0.08 -0.09 -0.18*
- a lot -0.13*** -0.15** b b -0.22*** -0.13* b b -0.18* -0.19** b -0.04 b -0.13* b -0.04 -0.13
Constant (coefficient) 8.13 7.96 8.34 8.27 8.04 7.60 8.33 8.15 8.34 8.04 8.11 7.78 8.14 7.84 8.41 7.39 8.31
Adjusted R2 0.21 0.25 0.16 0.14 0.25 0.23 0.07 0.13 0.21 0.17 0.18 0.17 0.14 0.16 0.25 0.23 0.24
  1. Note: *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p <0.001, Reference category is 'a lot’: Fulfillment, Support, reference category is 'no’: Relational problems, Mental health problems, Problems with daily activities, Financial problems, Physical health problems, acategories are 'no or some’ versus 'a lot’, bcategories are 'some or a lot’ versus 'no’, cp-value is 0.05, dp-value is 0.08.