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Table 1 Socio-demographics and health variables sample characteristics

From: Quality of life among tuberculosis (TB), TB retreatment and/or TB-HIV co-infected primary public health care patients in three districts in South Africa

  Total Men Women P
  (n = 4900) (n = 2671) (54.5%) (n = 2229) (45.5%)  
N % N % N %  
Age (range 18–93) 36.2 11.5 37.2 11.5 34.8 11.4 0.000
18–24 643 13.3 276 10.6 358 16.5  
25–34 1841 38.1 928 35.7 899 41.4  
35–44 13 27.1 780 30.0 515 23.7  
45–54 671 13.9 399 15.3 259 11.9  
55–64 265 5.5 161 6.2 95 4.4  
65 or more 104 2.2 58 2.2 45 2.1  
Marital status        
Never married 3323 72.7 1734 70.2 1589 75.6 0.000
Married/cohabitating 982 21.5 594 24.1 388 18.5 0.000
Separated/divorced/widowed 265 5.8 141 5.7 124 5.9 0.783
Education        
Grade 7 or less 1269 26.3 745 28.8 502 23.2 0.000
Grade 8–11 2213 45.9 1126 47.4 960 44.3 0.031
Grade 12 or more 1336 27.7 613 23.7 704 32.5 0.000
Poverty index (5–20)        
Low (5) 1592 35.0 882 35.2 710 34.4  
Medium (6–12) 2195 48.2 1117 47.2 1018 49.3  
High (13–20) 768 16.9 433 17.4 335 16.2  
Geolocality        
Urban residence 3151 66.2 1691 65.4 1460 67.2 0.212
Rural residence 877 18.4 480 18.6 397 18.3 0.780
Informal settlement 730 15.3 413 16.0 317 14.6 0.181
Health variables        
New TB patient 3650 76.6 1946 75.2 1704 78.4  
Retreatment TB patient 1113 23.4 643 24.8 470 21.6  
HIV positive 2585 59.9 1222 53.4 1363 67.4  
HIV negative 1728 40.1 1068 46.6 660 32.6  
Other chronic illnesses        
Zero 3042 72.7 1681 75.1 1361 70.0 0.001
One 680 16.3 335 15.0 345 17.7  
Two 293 7.0 151 6.7 142 7.3  
Three or more 167 4.0 71 3.2 96 4.9  
Partner HIV positive 1192 27.2 600 25.0 592 29.8  
Partner HIV negative or unknown status 3194 72.8 1800 75.0 1394 70.2  
Tobacco use (daily or almost daily) 964 20.0 777 29.5 187 8.5 0.000
Hazardous or harmful alcohol use 1120 23.3 820 31.8 280 13.0 0.000
Psychological distress (K >15) 3913 81.1 2127 80.8 1786 81.4 0.245
Had sex in the past 3 months 2318 51.3 1336 54.1 982 48.0 0.000
On antiretroviral therapy 899 22.1 401 18.8 498 25.8 0.000
Adherence to TB treatment 2191 61.1 1153 64.1 1038 68.6 0.007
Adherence to ART 561 58.2 261 52.6 300 64.1 0.000