Skip to main content

Table 5 Known group comparison of differences in mean scores of scales and items

From: Validation of the Japanese version of the EORTC hepatocellular carcinoma-specific quality of life questionnaire module (QLQ-HCC18)

  Karnofsky Performance status score Child-Pugh grade
  100-80 <80 t-test A B and C t-test p value
  n = 166 n = 26 p value n = 127 n = 65  
Scales       
Fatigue 21.0 ± 17.8 54.7 ± 25.9 < 0.001 22.0 ± 20.4 32.7 ± 24.1 0.001
Nutrition 10.8 ± 11.4 24.9 ± 22.0 < 0.001 10.9 ± 12.0 16.2 ± 17.1 0.02
Pain 11.6 ± 15.7 25.6 ± 20.7 0.003 12.3 ± 17.2 15.9 ± 16.8 0.17
Fever 4.3 ± 10.2 11.5 ± 23.0 0.003 3.5 ± 9.1 8.7 ± 17.7 0.02
Single items       
Body Image 1(item33) 30.7 ± 29.6 55.1 ± 38.8 0.004 29.7 ± 30.3 42.6 ± 33.6 0.01
Body Image 2 (item35) 19.5 ± 26.5 32.1 ± 33.3 0.03 19.7 ± 25.3 24.1 ± 32.0 0.34
Jaundice 1 (item36) 1.2 ± 6.2 12.8 ± 28.4 0.04 0.8 ± 5.1 6.7 ± 19.7 0.02
Jaundice 2 (item37) 17.7 ± 23.4 51.3 ± 33.0 < 0.001 16.5 ± 23.7 33.3 ± 30.6 0.002
Abdominal swelling 14.1 ± 21.2 27.0 ± 34.0 0.07 13.1 ± 21.5 21.0 ± 26.7 0.04
Sexual interest 12.0 ± 24.1 16.7 ± 31.6 0.47 9.3 ± 21.1§ 19.0 ± 30.9 0.03
  1. Data were expressed as mean ± standard deviation unless otherwise specified. * p < 0.05, Higher score indicates worse QOL
  2. missing in 7, § missing in 5, missing in 2.