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Table 2 Spearman’s correlations between patient characteristics and quality of life

From: Severity, not type, is the main predictor of decreased quality of life in elderly women with urinary incontinence: a population-based study as part of a randomized controlled trial in primary care

  Age Body mass index SESa Marital status Education Charlson indexb
EQ-5Dc −0.17* −0.20** 0.09 −0.11 0.08 −0.31**
IIQ d Physical activity 0.10 0.03 −0.16* 0.09 −0.20** −0.05
IIQ Social relationships 0.05 0.14* −0.09 0.15* −0.16* 0.05
IIQ Travelling −0.01 −0.03 −0.10 0.06 −0.12 −0.06
IIQ Emotional health 0.08 −0.03 −0.17* 0.11 −0.02 0.02
IIQ Total score 0.05 0.02 −0.15* 0.12 −0.11 −0.06
  1. * Correlation is significant at the 0.05 level (2-tailed). ** Correlation is significant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed).
  2. a Socioeconomic Status (SES); Dependent on income, employment and educational level according to the postal code of the area the participants live in (Netherlands Institute for Social Research, 2006).
  3. b Charlson Index: weighted risk of mortality <1 year, dependent on co-morbidity.
  4. c Euroqol 5D (EQ-5D); range −0.33 to 1 with lower numbers indicating a greater decrease in quality of life.
  5. d Incontinence Impact Questionnaire (IIQ); range 0 to 100 with higher numbers indicating a greater decrease in quality of life.