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Table 5 Self-esteem in young adulthood in seven domain-specific areas according to Self-Perception Profile for Adolescents-Revised (SPPA-R) in two groups of low birth weight compared with normal birth weight controls

From: Mental health, quality of life and social relations in young adults born with low birth weight

  VLBW n = 43 SGA n = 55 Control n = 74
  Mean (SD) p Mean (SD) p Mean (SD)
School competence 2.9* (0.6) 0.35 2.8 (0.6) 0.051 3.0 (0.6)
Social acceptance 3.4 (0.5) 0.17 3.2 (0.7) 0.008 3.5 (0.4)
Athletic competence 2.3 (0.7) < 0.001 2.6 (0.7) 0.12 2.8 (0.6)
Physical appearance 2.8 (0.8) 0.89 2.7 (0.8) 0.35 2.8 (0.7)
Romantic appeal 2.7 (0.6) 0.15 2.7 (0.6) 0.18 2.9 (0.5)
Close friends 3.4 (0.6) 0.088 3.4 (0.6) 0.12 3.6 (0.4)
Global self-worth 3.1 (0.8) 0.30 3.0 (0.8) 0.58 3.1 (0.5)
  1. P-values vs. controls based on Mann–Whitney U test.
  2. * One missing value (n = 42) in the VLBW group on the subscale of school competence.