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Table 4 Estimates of the linear regression model 1.5 in which health behavior (HBSS2003) predicts subjective well-being (SWBscore2012) Results of Finnish population-based Health and Social Support study

From: Changed health behavior improves subjective well-being and vice versa in a follow-up of 9 years

Category Estimate Standard error p-value
Intercept 6.31 0.17  < 0.001
HBSS2003 –0.35 0.036  < 0.001
HBSSchange
Positive –0.31 0.068  < 0.001
Neutral Reference   
Negative 0.37 0.072  < 0.001
SWBscore2003 0.42 0.0088  < 0.001
Gender
Male 0.046 0.059 0.10
Female Reference   
Age (2003)
25–29 0.35 0.082  < 0.001
35–39 0.47 0.080  < 0.001
45–49 0.33 0.074  < 0.001
55–59 Reference   
Education (1998)
No professional education 0.053 0.094 0.57
Vocational school Reference   
College –0.16 0.068 0.019
University or higher –0.11 0.081 0.17
Diseases (2003)
0 –0.22 0.077 0.005
1 –0.29 0.069  < 0.001
Negative life events (2007–2012)
0 –1.08 0.067  < 0.001
1 –0.75 0.071  < 0.001
2 or more Reference   
  1. HBSS, Health behavior sum score i.e. no. of protective health behaviors; HBSSchange, Change in health behavior sum score during follow-up; SWBscore, Subjective well-being score (lower scores indicating better SWB)