Skip to main content

Table 2 Subjective well-being at baseline (SWBscore2003) and after follow-up (SWBscore2012) as well as its changes (SWBchange) by subgroup, as percentages (numbers), unless otherwise stated. Results of the Finnish population-based Health and Social Support Study

From: Changed health behavior improves subjective well-being and vice versa in a follow-up of 9 years

Variable Category Share of the study population SWBscore2003 mean (SD) SWBscore2012 mean (SD) Positive SWBchange Neutral SWBchange Negative SWBchange
   100 (10,855) 8.53 (3.20) 8.37 (3.18) 30.2 (3546) 44.0 (5172) 25.8 (3034)
Age (2003) 25–29 20.6 (2234) 8.47 (3.15) 8.43 (3.15) 31.6 (773) 37.6 (918) 30.8 (752)
35–39 20.7 (2246) 8.58 (3.28) 8.67 (3.38) 27.9 (675) 43.1 (1045) 29.0 (703)
45–49 26.6 (2885) 8.64 (3.31) 8.57 (3.31) 28.5 (896) 45.6 (1435) 25.9 (815)
55–59 32.2 (3490) 8.45 (3.06) 7.96 (2.90) 32.1 (1202) 47.4 (1774) 20.4 (764)
Gender Male 36.2 (3925) 8.58 (3.18) 8.36 (3.16) 31.2 (1357) 44.3 (1926) 24.5 (1067)
Female 63.8 (6930) 8.51 (3.20) 8.38 (3.20) 29.6 (2189) 43.9 (3246) 26.6 (1967)
Education (2003) No professional education 12.0 (1302) 8.89 (3.33) 8.58 (3.26) 29.5 (417) 46.3 (654) 24.2 (342)
Vocational school 29.0 (3136) 8.76 (3.30) 8.54 (3.27) 30.2 (1013) 45.3 (1521) 24.5 (821)
College 39.0 (4218) 8.40 (3.15) 8.24 (3.07) 29.9 (1362) 43.1 (1964) 27.1 (1236)
University 19.9 (2154) 8.24 (3.01) 8.08 (3.01) 31.0 (737) 42.6 (1012) 26.3 (625)
Diseases (2003) 0 17.9 (1931) 7.84 (2.73) 7.91 (2.85) 27.4 (579) 45.2 (957) 27.4 (581)
1 23.3 (2522) 8.12 (2.94) 7.98 (2.89) 30.6 (834) 42.5 (1160) 26.9 (733)
2 or more 58.8 (6355) 8.91 (3.37) 8.60 (3.31) 30.6 (2115) 44.3 (3035) 24.9 (1705)
Health behavior sum score (2003) 0 or 1 7.0 (763) 9.90 (3.87) 9.53 (3.73) 30.4 (227) 43.7 (326) 25.9 (193)
2 24.5 (2654) 9.02 (3.37) 8.78 (3.35) 30.9 (810) 43.8 (1148) 25.4 (665)
3 42.4 (4602) 8.38 (3.06) 8.22 (3.07) 29.8 (1355) 44.4 (2021) 25.8 (1174)
4 26.1 (2836) 8.03 (2.91) 7.85 (2.77) 30.6 (856) 42.7 (1195) 26.8 (749)
Negative life events 0 39.4 (5135) 8.16 (2.99) 7.68 (2.67) 31.6 (1470) 46.8 (2174) 21.6 (1004)
1 25.3 (3299) 8.40 (3.05) 8.15 (3.01) 30.7 (930) 44.8 (1356) 24.5 (742)
2 or more 35.4 (4616) 9.07 (3.45) 9.29 (3.58) 28.1 (1146) 40.3 (1642) 31.6 (1288)
  1. SWBscore, Subjective well-being score; SWBchange, Change in subjective well-being subgroup during follow-up; Diseases (2003), Count of the self-reported diseases in 2003 (baseline). List of diseases is in the Additional file 1.