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Table 1 Health behavior sum score at baseline (HBSS2003) and after follow-up (HBSS2012) as well as its changes (HBSSchange) by subgroup, as percentages (numbers), unless otherwise stated. Results of the Finnish population-based Health and Social Support Study

From: Changed health behavior improves subjective well-being and vice versa in a follow-up of 9 years

Variable Category Share of the study population HBSS2003 mean (SD) HBSS2012mean (SD) Positive HBSSchange Neutral HBSSchange Negative HBSSchange
   100 (10,855) 2.87 (0.90) 2.99 (0.99) 30.5 (3100) 48.3 (4913) 21.2 (2160)
Age (2003) 25–29 20.6 (2234) 2.91 (0.84) 3.04 (0.85) 31.9 (674) 46.6 (985) 21.6 (457)
35–39 20.7 (2246) 2.82 (0.89) 2.96 (0.91) 31.6 (673) 48.0 (1024) 20.4 (436)
45–49 26.6 (2885) 2.82 (0.94) 2.94 (0.94) 29.9 (804) 48.9 (1317) 21.2 (572)
55–59 32.2 (3490) 2.91 (0.91) 3.01 (0.88) 29.4 (949) 49.1 (1587) 21.5 (695)
Gender Male 36.2 (3925) 2.66 (0.92) 2.82 (0.92) 32.5 (1177) 47.1 (1709) 20.4 (739)
Female 63.8 (6930) 2.98 (0.87) 3.09 (0.87) 29.4 (1923) 48.9 (3204) 21.7 (1421)
Education (2003) No professional education 12.0 (1302) 2.67 (0.93) 2.81 (0.92) 31.1 (376) 48.7 (590) 20.2 (245)
Vocational school 29.0 (3136) 2.71 (0.92) 2.83 (0.94) 31.5 (922) 47.0 (1379) 21.5 (631)
College 39.0 (4218) 2.91 (0.89) 3.03 (0.89) 30.2 (1195) 48.6 (1924) 21.3 (844)
University 19.9 (2154) 3.13 (0.81) 3.23 (0.77) 29.2 (591) 49.3 (1000) 21.5 (436)
Diseases (2003) 0 17.9 (1931) 2.94 (0.86) 3.06 (0.86) 30.8 (557) 48.0 (869) 21.2 (384)
1 23.3 (2522) 2.89 (0.88) 3.04 (0.89) 31.2 (740) 49.2 (1167) 19.5 (464)
2 or more 58.8 (6355) 2.84 (0.92) 2.95 (0.91) 30.0 (1787) 48.0 (2856) 22.0 (1306)
Subjective well-being (2003) High 25.04 (2962) 3.03 (0.85) 3.12 (0.84) 29.0 (730) 49.2 (1238) 21.9 (551)
High intermediate 34.18 (4043) 2.89 (0.88) 3.01 (0.87) 30.4 (1052) 48.6 (1684) 21.1 (730)
Low intermediate 22.61 (2674) 2.85 (0.89) 2.98 (0.88) 31.4 (718) 47.6 (1086) 21.0 (480)
Low 18.18 (2150) 2.63 (0.97) 2.77 (0.98) 31.2 (574) 47.6 (876) 21.2 (391)
Negative life events 0 39.4 (5135) 2.88 (0.90) 2.98 (0.89) 34.4 (1286) 51.3 (1915) 14.3 (533)
1 25.3 (3299) 2.90 (0.89) 3.02 (0.89) 35.0 (800) 49.6 (1133) 15.4 (353)
2 or more 35.4 (4616) 2.83 (0.92) 2.95 (0.93) 34.9 (1010) 46.3 (1341) 18.8 (545)
  1. HBSS, Health behavior sum score; HBSSchange, Change in health behavior sum score during follow-up; Diseases (2003), Count of the self-reported diseases in 2003 (baseline). List of diseases is in the Additional file 1