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Table 5 Spearman Correlation of EQ-5D-Y-5L and EQ-5D-Y-3L dimension scores and PedsQL item and sub-scale scores

From: Measurement properties and responsiveness of the EQ-5D-Y-5L compared to the EQ-5D-Y-3L in children and adolescents receiving acute orthopaedic care

PedsQL EQ-5D-Y-5L EQ-5D-Y-3L
MOB LAM UA P/D WSU MOB LAM UA P/D WSU
Hard to walk; 100 m − 0.69** − 0.24* − 0.35** − 0.14 − 0.19 − 0.59** − 0.15 − 0.25* − 0.02 − 0.12
Hard to run − 0.29** 0.03 − 0.31** − 0.134 − 0.03 − 0.32** 0.06 − 0.25* 0.01 0.11
Hard to participate in sport / exercise − 0.31** − 0.01 − 0.18 − 0.08 − 0.21 − 0.28* 0.06 − 0.28* 0.05 − 0.01
Hard to lift something heavy − 0.26* − 0.15 − 0.16 − 0.10 − 0.05 − 0.22 − 0.15 − 0.20 − 0.07 0.06
Hard to bath / shower myself − 0.16 − 0.50** − 0.00 − 0.15 − 0.19 − 0.30** − 0.35** − 0.15 − 0.23* − 0.13
Hard to do household chores − 0.23* − 0.41** − 0.06 − 0.21 − 0.11 − 0.17 − 0.38** − 0.02 − 0.16 0.10
Pain or aches − 0.04 − 0.11 0.09 − 0.53** − 0.09 − 0.13 − 0.21 0.22 − 0.44** − 0.04
Low energy levels − 0.07 − 0.20 0.05 − 0.15 − 0.05 − 0.16 − 0.18 − 0.17 − 0.26* 0.02
Physical Health Summary Score − 0.45** − 0.36** − 0.18 − 0.26* − 0.17 − 0.47** − 0.28* − 0.21 − 0.20 0.02
Afraid or scared − 0.27* − 0.15 0.06 0.04 − 0.23* − 0.24* − 0.11 0.02 0.01 − 0.17
Sad 0.013 0.05 0.17 0.11 − 0.12 − 0.03 0.09 0.12 0.10 − 0.13
Angry − 0.00 − 0.06 0.21 0.06 0.08 0.00 − 0.03 0.17 0.05 − 0.12
Trouble sleeping − 0.06 − 0.03 0.05 − 0.22 − 0.06 − 0.18 − 0.03 0.07 − 0.21 − 0.08
Worry about what will happen to me − 0.16 − 0.02 − 0.05 0.02 − 0.04 − 0.12 0.09 − 0.06 − 0.10 − 0.19
Emotional sub-score − 0.16 − 0.06 0.14 − 0.06 − 0.12 − 0.22* − 0.03 0.06 − 0.11 − 0.21
Trouble getting along with other kids/teenagers − 0.00 0.06 − 0.06 0.09 − 0.02 0.13 0.03 0.06 0.14 0.12
Other kids/teenagers do not what to be my friend − 0.02 − 0.05 − 0.07 0.02 − 0.10 0.09 − 0.05 − 0.05 0.01 − 0.03
Other kids/teenagers tease me − 0.22 − 0.35** − 0.09 − 0.29** − 0.15 − 0.14 − 0.33** − 0.17 − 0.30** − 0.19
Cannot do things others my age can do − 0.03 − 0.04 0.05 0.16 − 0.11 0.00 0.03 − 0.08 0.13 0.06
Hard to keep up with others − 0.02 0.08 − 0.02 0.23* − 0.08 − 0.01 0.11 − 0.06 0.32** 0.12
Social sub-score − 0.09 − 0.10 − 0.05 0.10 − 0.15 0.00 − 0.08 − 0.08 0.13 0.05
Hard to pay attention in class 0.09 − 0.01 0.12 0.03 − 0.05 0.05 0.02 0.02 − 0.09 − 0.05
Forget things − 0.17 − 0.02 − 0.01 0.02 − 0.08 − 0.24* − 0.08 − 0.13 − 0.03 − 0.06
Trouble keeping up with my schoolwork − 0.05 − 0.09 − 0.01 0.00 − 0.11 − 0.18 − 0.11 − 0.17 0.06 − 0.11
Miss school because of not feeling well 0.11 0.03 0.02 0.10 − 0.19 0.08 0.00 0.04 0.08 − 0.11
Miss school to go doctor or hospital 0.093 − 0.12 0.20 0.13 − 0.01 0.03 − 0.03 0.11 0.05 0.00
School sub-score − 0.08 − 0.08 0.04 0.10 − 0.16 − 0.14 − 0.08 − 0.09 0.06 − 0.16
  1. N = 82, * p < 0.05 and **p < 0.001 (2-tailed). Cells in bolditalic and italic were hypothesised to have a moderate to high correlation are shaded. Bolded correlations have a moderate association > 0.30, correlations are negative as a higher PedsQL score indicates a better HRQoL. MOB, Mobility; LAM, Looking After Myself; UA, doing Usual Activities; P/D, having Pain or Discomfort; WSU, feeling Worried, Sad or Unhappy