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Table 3 Association of utility score and VA score

From: Quality of life of women with breast cancer in a tertiary referral university hospital

Characteristic Number (n = 173) Utility value VAS
Mean rank (sum of ranks) z/χ2 p-value Mean rank (sum of ranks) z/χ2 p-value
Sociodemographic        
 Age (years old)*        
  30–39 7 72.93 2.304 0.680 73.93 1.505 0.826
  40–49 34 91.24    92.32   
  50–59 61 91.92    89.35   
  60–69 57 81.11    82.51   
  > 70 14 86.32    82.64   
 Marital status*        
  Single 14 85.61 0.400 0.940 70.54 3.302 0.347
  Married 139 87.18    88.39   
  Divorced 9 79.28    73.33   
  Widowed 11 92.86    91.59   
 Ethnicity*        
  Malay 117 87.47 0.884 0.643 94.20 9.079 0.011
  Chinese 44 82.89    67.83   
  Indian 12 97.50    87.13   
  Others 0 0    0   
 Formal education*        
  None 8 63.69 3.555 0.314 88.00 0.960 0.81
  Primary 32 79.34    79.48   
  Secondary 77 88.16    89.60   
  Tertiary 56 93.12    87.57   
 Employment status*        
  Never employed 37 87.77 4.345 0.501 94.89 1.671 0.893
  Unemployed 32 82.48    82.83   
  Self employed 4 66.75    81.38   
  Part time 3 127.33    83.33   
  Full time 48 93.48    88.79   
  Pensioner 49 82.29    82.69   
 Presence of concurrent illness        
  Yes 99 83.41 − 1.121 0.262 80.07 − 2.132 0.033
  No 74 91.80    96.28   
Duration and treatment        
 Duration of BC*        
  < 1 year 40 82.96 1.163 0.884 89.15 4.299 0.367
  ≥ 1–5 years 82 88.18    90.80   
  ≥ 5–10 years 26 90.10    70.73   
  ≥ 10–15 years 16 80.13    80.91   
  ≥ 15 years 9 97.44    100.67   
 Treatment received        
 Endocrine (Hormonal) therapy        
  Yes 121 89.24 − 0.922 0.357 87.02 − 0.008 0.993
  No 52 81.80    86.95   
 Chemotherapy        
  Yes 137 88.36 − 0.720 0.472 89.17 − 1.124 0.261
  No 36 81.81    78.75   
 Radiotherapy        
  Yes 121 89.43 − 1.000 0.317 89.78 − 1.126 0.260
  No 52 81.36    80.54   
 Surgery        
  Yes 163 88.02 − 1.108 0.268 86.44 − 0.596 0.551
  No 10 70.45    96.05   
 Traditional medicine        
  Yes 41 70.54 − 2.480 0.013 87.80 − 0.119 0.905
  No 132 92.11    86.75   
Financial monthly income        
 Individual* (RM)        
  ≤ 500 64 87.13 0.733 0.866 84.46 2.159 0.540
  > 500–1000 24 81.33    76.44   
  > 1000–5000 68 87.00    92.58   
  > 5000 17 94.53    89.15   
 Household* (RM)        
  ≤ 1000 32 71.63 10.230 0.037 79.73 2.692 0.611
  > 1000–3000 52 91.38    86.07   
  > 3000–5000 30 106.48    86.17   
  > 5000–10,000 47 84.88    95.94   
  > 10,000 12 68.58    77.50   
 Savings affected        
  Yes 42 85.74 − 0.193 0.847 82.60 − 0.663 0.507
  No 131 87.40    88.41   
 Problem buying basic needs        
  Yes 19 83.53 − 0.330 0.742 73.45 − 1.265 0.206
  No 154 87.43    88.67   
  1. *Variables were tested by Kruskal Wallis test and presented as Chi-square
  2. Variables were tested by Mann Whitney U test and presented as z value
  3. Significant p-value at p < 0.05 (2 tailed)