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Table 2 Sociodemographic characteristics of the sample and population norms

From: Adolescent valuation of CARIES-QC-U: a child-centred preference-based measure of dental caries

Sociodemographic characteristics Adolescents n = 723 (%) Adults n = 626 (%) Population norms%
Gender    
 Male 387 (53.5) 288 (46.0) 49.1a
 Female 333 (46.1) 336 (53.7) 50.9a
 Other 3 (0.4) 2 (0.3)
Country of residence    
 England 588 (78.7) 519 (82.9) 84.3a
 Scotland 34 (4.7) 36 (5.8) 8.2a
 Wales 28 (3.9) 33 (5.3) 4.7a
 Northern Ireland 13 (1.8) 10 (1.6) 2.8a
 Unknown 79 (10.9) 28 (4.5)
Age    
 11 106 (14.7) 15.9b
 12 124 (17.2) 16.3b
 13 152 (21.0) 16.6b
 14 126 (17.4) 16.9b
 15 123 (17.0) 17.1b
 16 90 (12.5) 17.1b
 18–24 72 (11.5) 12.0c
 25–34 124 (19.8) 17.0c
 35–44 112 (17.9) 17.7c
 45–64 191 (30.5) 32.5c
 65+ 127 (20.3) 20.8c
 Prefer not to say 2 (0.3)  
Ethnicity    
 White 609 (84.2) 563 (89.9) 87.2a
 Asian/Asian British 62 (8.6) 42 (6.7) 6.2a
 Black/African/Caribbean/Black British 20 (2.8) 9 (1.4) 3.0a
 Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups 27 (3.7) 7 (1.1)
 Other ethnic group 4 (0.6) 4 (0.6) 2.9a
 Prefer not to say 1 (0.1) 1 (0.2)
Main activity    
 In employment or self-employment 343 (54.8) 61.7d
 Retired 133 (21.3) 13.9d
 Housework 43 (6.9) 4.3d
 Student 47 (7.5) 9.3d
 Seeking work/unemployed 30 (4.8) 4.4d
 Long term sick 25 (4.0) 4.3d
 Prefer not to say 1 (0.2)
 Other 4 (0.6) 2.2d
Marital status    
 Single 178 (28.4) 35.9a
 Married/partner 363 (58.0) 47.0a
 Separated/divorced 57 (9.1) 7.7a
 Widowed 25 (4.0) 9.4a
 Prefer not to say 3 (0.5)
Deprivation deciles (IMD)    
 1 (most deprived) 80 (11.1) 51 (8.2)
 2 69 (9.5) 61 (9.7)
 3 72 (10.0) 63 (10.1)
 4 81 (11.2) 73 (11.7)
 5 51 (7.1) 61 (9.7)
 6 62 (8.6) 54 (8.6)
 7 65 (9.0) 56 (9.0)
 8 54 (7.5) 67 (10.7)
 9 58 (8.0) 57 (9.1)
 10 (least deprived) 52 (7.2) 55 (8.8)
 Postcode not provided 60 (8.3) 17 (2.7)
 Postcode not recognised 19 (2.6) 11 (1.8)
  1. aProportion of total UK population
  2. bProportion of UK adolescents aged 11–16
  3. cProportion of UK adult population (aged over 18 years)
  4. dProportion of English adult population (aged over 16 years)