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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of the SOC-13 scale (N = 293)

From: Analysis of the psychometric properties of the Sense of Coherence scale (SOC-13) in patients with cardiovascular risk factors: a study of the method effects associated with negatively worded items

Item   Minimum Maximum Mean SE SD Skewness Kurtosis % of responses with value 1 % of responses with value 7
1 Do you have the feeling that you really don't care about what is going on around you? 1 7 5.83 0.11 1.83 − 1.401 0.659 4.8 61.8
2 Has it happened in the past that you were surprised by the behavior of people whom you thought you knew well? 1 7 4.65 0.11 1.82 − 0.354 − 0.891 6.8 20.1
3 Has it happened that people whom you counted on disappointed you? 1 7 4.81 0.11 1.87 − 0.465 − 0.945 5.8 24.9
4 Until now, your life has had: no clear goals—very clear goals and purpose 1 7 5.16 0.10 1.76 − 0.764 − 0.339 5.1 30.7
5 Do you have the feeling that you are being treated unfairly? 1 7 5.65 0.11 1.94 − 1.242 0.203 6.8 57.0
6 Do you feel that you are in an unfamiliar situation and don't know what to do? 1 7 5.63 0.11 1.87 − 1.255 0.381 6.5 52.2
7 Doing the things you do every day is: a source of deep pleasure and satisfaction—a source of pain and boredom 1 7 5.46 0.09 1.66 − 0.978 0.182 3.8 37.9
8 Do you have very mixed-up feelings and ideas? 1 7 5.06 0.12 2.10 − 0.665 − 0.979 9.2 41.0
9 Does it happen that you experience feelings that you would rather not have to endure? 1 7 5.33 0.12 1.98 − 0.851 − 0.658 5.8 47.1
10 Many people, even those with a strong character, sometimes feel like losers in certain situations. How often have you felt this way in the past? 1 7 5.23 0.11 1.94 − 0.862 − 0.527 6.8 37.2
11 When certain events occurred, have you generally found that: you overestimated or underestimated their importance-you assessed the situation correctly? 1 7 4.48 0.13 2.27 − 0.262 − 1.493 14 31.7
12 How often do you feel that there is little meaning in the things you do in your daily life? 1 7 5.93 0.09 1.61 − 1.588 1.733 3.8 57.3
13 How often do you have feelings that you are not sure you can control? 1 7 5.81 0.10 1.76 − 1.436 0.927 4.4 56.7
  1. Scale range: 1–7
  2. SE standard error, SD standard deviation