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Table 1 Inclusion/exclusion criteria

From: The concept of HRQoL for patients on hemodialysis in Saudi Arabia: an exploratory study

Inclusion criteria Exclusion criteria
Diagnosed with ESRD (chronic renal failure stage 5) Patients with end-stage renal disease who are treated with peritoneal dialysis or renal transplantation
Undergoes hemodialysis for at least 3 months Patients with terminal illness (e.g., cancer)
Lives within the Saudi culture. In addition to Saudis, people from neighboring countries (e.g., Yemen, Iraq and Arabian Gulf countries) who live in Saudi Arabia but are not ethnically Saudis and do not hold a Saudi nationality were included Patients with communication barriers (e.g., aphasia, hearing loss and non-Arabic and non-English speaker)
Age between 21 and 65 years old Patients with cognitive impairment