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Table 4 Sensitivity of electronic EQ-5D-5L by known group comparison at baseline in 2018 (N = 151)

From: A pilot study on the validity and psychometric properties of the electronic EQ-5D-5L in routine clinical practice

Group EQ-5D Dimensions (% with limitation, n) # EQ-5D (mean ± SD, n)
Mobility Self-care Usual activities Pain Anxiety/depression Utility score VAS score
Pain rating scale
Score = 0–5 21.7% (106) 2.8% (106) 9.4% (106) 33.0% (106) 5.7% (106) 0.71 ± 0.19 (106) 71.30 ± 15.98 (106)
Score > 5 44.4% (45) 17.8% (45) 51.1% (45) 82.2% (45) 40.0% (45) 0.43 ± 0.29 (45) 59.84 ± 17.10 (45)
p value 0.047 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 0.001 < 0.001
Effect size       1.142 0.692
Clinic setting
GOPC 24.7% (101) 6.9% (101) 10.9% (101) 40.6% (101) 9.9% (101) 0.67 ± 0.23 (101) 71.27 ± 15.76 (101)
SOPC 36.0% (50) 8% (50) 44.0% (50) 62% (50) 28% (50) 0.52 ± 0.27 (50) 61.06 ± 17.75 (50)
p value 0.074 0.403 < 0.001 0.007 0.002 0.001 < 0.001
Effect size       0.598 0.608
MS Diagnosis
Knee 27.2% (88) 5.7% (88) 1.3% (88) 35.2% (88) 6.8% (88) 0.68 ± 0.22 (88) 71.76 ± 16.75 (88)
Back 30.2% (53) 7.5% (53) 35.8% (53) 67.9% (53) 28.3% (53) 0.55 ± 0.28 (53) 63.60 ± 16.11 (53)
p value 0.704 0.674 < 0.001 < 0.001 0.001 0.004 0.005
Effect size       0.516 0.497
  1. MS, musculoskeletal; GOPC ,general outpatient clinic; SOPC, specialist outpatient clinic;
  2. # EQ-5D-5L dimension responses of moderate, severe and very severe were grouped into the ‘with limitation’ category